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Pale. 1 In Irish and English history, that district of indefinite and varying limits around Dublin, in which English law prevailed. The term was first used in the 14th cent. to designate what had previously been called English land. Outlying districts were styled the marches, or border lands. In the time of Henry VIII the Pale extended N from Dublin to Dundalk and c.20 mi (32 km) inland from the coast. It disappeared in the ensuing years as the English control of the whole of Ireland was made effective. There was another English Pale in France, comprising Calais and the surrounding area, until 1558.

2 In Russia the Pale designated those regions in which Jews were allowed to live. The Jewish Pale was established in 1792, when it comprised the areas annexed from Poland in the first partition. The area was extended (partly as a result of further annexations), but even within the Pale the Jewish population was subjected to many restrictions. Most of these were in force until the Russian Revolution of 1917.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the name of an English colony in southeastern Ireland founded by Anglo-Norman feudal lords in the 1170’s. The name entered into use in the second half of the 14th century.

The borders of the Pale changed in the course of the struggle of the invaders with the population of the independent part of the island. Castles and fortifications were erected in the border zone. By the late 15th century the Pale comprised the presentday counties of Louth, Meath, Dublin, and Kildare. The Pale served as the base for the Complete subjugation of Ireland by the English in the 16th and 17th centuries.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. A flat strip (slat) or round stake, usually of wood; set in series to form a fence.
2. An area enclosed by such stakes.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Own your paleness," says beauty genius Sonia Kashuk, who urges fair femmes to get creative.
Simply interpreted, it means you want the fire to take your paleness, sickness and problems; In return, the fire will give you its redness, warmth and energy.
Paleness, listlessness and frostbite are hypothermia's common signs, but the most telling is shivering--an early sign frequently overlooked, Dr.
Thirty-two-year-old De gradually started feeling weak with a stinging sensation in her feet and suffered substantial weight loss and paleness, accompanied by bouts of depression.
" It could well be because of reduced blood flow and decrease in red blood cells leading to paleness," says Dr Byotra.
I need to tan myself up so I don't blind people with my paleness because I am milk bottle white below the neck."
Remember, the paleness of sorbet shades will highlight problem zones, so only wear them on parts of your body you don't mind having a bit of attention drawn to.
I followed small rivers of veins to vast pastures of paleness.
* blue lips, cold feet, hands or toes, or sudden paleness;
Dancers who have had C-sections also need to beware of signs of fatigue and paleness. "There is more blood loss with C-sections, so we have to watch out for anemia," says Reeves.