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Pale.1 In Irish and English history, that district of indefinite and varying limits around Dublin, in which English law prevailed. The term was first used in the 14th cent. to designate what had previously been called English land. Outlying districts were styled the marches, or border lands. In the time of Henry VIII the Pale extended N from Dublin to Dundalk and c.20 mi (32 km) inland from the coast. It disappeared in the ensuing years as the English control of the whole of Ireland was made effective. There was another English Pale in France, comprising Calais and the surrounding area, until 1558.
2 In Russia the Pale designated those regions in which Jews were allowed to live. The Jewish Pale was established in 1792, when it comprised the areas annexed from Poland in the first partition. The area was extended (partly as a result of further annexations), but even within the Pale the Jewish population was subjected to many restrictions. Most of these were in force until the Russian Revolution of 1917.
the name of an English colony in southeastern Ireland founded by Anglo-Norman feudal lords in the 1170’s. The name entered into use in the second half of the 14th century.
The borders of the Pale changed in the course of the struggle of the invaders with the population of the independent part of the island. Castles and fortifications were erected in the border zone. By the late 15th century the Pale comprised the presentday counties of Louth, Meath, Dublin, and Kildare. The Pale served as the base for the Complete subjugation of Ireland by the English in the 16th and 17th centuries.