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A branch of anthropology concerned with the study of fossil humans.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a branch of anthropology that studies the physical types and evolution of fossil man—Archanthropinae, Palaeoanthropus, and ancient Neoanthropinae. Paleoanthropological studies encompass the Paleolithic and Neolithic periods, during which the races of modern man were conclusively formed. It is incorrect to apply the term “paleoanthropology” to investigations of bony remains of ancient man of later historical periods.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
It contains a complex of paleoanthropological sites that have yielded valuable evidence of the origins of mankind.
Paleoanthropological evidence can and should be used to construct psychological theories.
This textbook for a first course in paleoanthropology examines the fossil evidence for human evolution and explains how that evidence is interpreted in modern paleoanthropological research.
This article is an attempt to put traction on Brown's proposal, through detailed examination of the paleoanthropological record.
I will attempt to intersect data from relevant disciplines to derive a well-reasoned set of proposals regarding a human "cognitive trajectory." To do this, I will (1) briefly review the paleoanthropological record, (2) examine cognitive implications of artifacts associated with fossil hominids, (3) review trends in primate brain size and architecture and their implications for hominid fossils and the history of human cognition, (4) address proposals regarding theory of mind and language capacity in ancient hominids, and (5) summarize some strong and weak inferences for a cognitive history of soulish behaviors.
A major focus of recent paleoanthropological research has been to establish the origin of anthropoid primates (monkeys, apes and humans) from earlier and more primitive primates known as prosimians (lemurs, tarsiers and their extinct relatives).
The concept in the statement to which BOYD refers--on evolution stopping at some point in the past--is presented only as a qualification for a fifth possible avenue of falsification--paleoanthropology: "If, through paleoanthropological research, one could demonstrate that the arts, whatever effects they might have in contemporary environments, could not have produced similar effects in ancestral environments, the hypothesis would be cast into a highly problematic light.
The reconciliation offered by Quarta is based on a clever application of paleoanthropological theory, namely that humans evolved as we did due to an ability to anticipate the future and plan for it.
Shipman (anthropology, Pennsylvania State U.) reflects on the significance of this fact within the context of human evolution, offering a paleoanthropological perspective.
The paper is completed with a paleoanthropological and geological characterization of some of the most important evidences presented (including two pieces of green "campan" and turkish marble).
Paleoanthropological studies based on morphological skeletal evidence have offered some support for the existence of three different sub-groups: one in Western Europe, one in southern Europe and another in the Levant.
International contributors to 13 chapters present paleoanthropological views and data on topics including how changes in raw material transport reflect landscape changes, biochronology for dating sites in North Africa, and experimental acquisition of Oldawan lithic knapping skill in modern humans.