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in the fine arts (primarily in painting), a system of color tonal relationships, which forms a certain unity and is an aesthetic realization of the colorfulness of reality. It is one of the most important means of aesthetic emotional expressiveness and a component of artistic representation. Its nature is related to the content and overall intention of the work of art, to the epoch, and to the style and personality of the artist.
Two types of pallettes have evolved thus far. The first is related to the use of a system of more or less quantitatively restricted local colors and often with the symbolic meaning of colors (as in medieval art). The second tendency is characterized by the desire to fully render the color scheme of the world, space, and light, as well as by the use of tones, values, and reflected colors. Depending on the particular color combinations, a palette can be serene or tense, cold (when blue, green, and violet tones predominate) or warm (when red, yellow, and orange tones predominate), or light or dark. Depending on the intensity and richness of the color, the palette can be bright, restrained, or muted. The palette used in a particular work of art is created by a unique interaction, which is achieved by adherence to the laws of harmony, complementarity, and contrast. The selection of a palette is determined by the type of art, the material, and the purposes of the work. The system of color relationships in sculpture and architecture is usually designated as polychromy.
REFERENCESEvans, R. M. Vvedenie v teoriiu tsveta. Moscow, 1964. (Translated from English.)
Volkov, N. N. Tsvet v zhivopisi. Moscow, 1965.
V. S. TURCHIN
(1) A board or tablet on which a painter mixes pigments, usually oil colors, while he works. A thin wooden board or a sheet of metal, earthenware, or porcelain may be used as a palette.
(2) The set of colors characteristic of the work of a particular painter.
palette(1) An on-screen window that displays a group of icons/buttons that represent selections to choose from. Palettes may be fixed or customizable. Although it originated for color choices, the term evolved into generic usage. In contrast to a menu, in which the selections are normally hidden, a palette is like a toolbar with options visible at all times.
(2) The available colors in the computer's hardware or graphics file formats. See indexed color and color palette.
(3) An on-screen sample of available colors that may be selected by the user. For example, in a graphics program, it is used for selecting colors to paint images or draw objects. In a business application, the palette is used to select colors for fonts and backgrounds.