Oyanagi E, Uchida M, Miyakawa T, Miyachi M, Yamaguchi H, Nagami K, Utsumi K, Yano H (2015) Palmitoleic acid
induces the cardiac mitochondrial membrane permeability transition despite the presence of L-carnitine.
esculenta (c,**) 0.99 - - - - (*): culture, (**): wild, (a): Sanliurfa, (b): Elazig, (c): Antalya, (d): Bitlis C14:0 myristic acid, C15:0 pentadecanoic acid, C15:1 pentadesenoic acid, C16:0 palmitic acid, C16:1 palmitoleic acid
, C17:0 margaric acid, C18:0 stearic acid, C18:1 oleic acid, C18:2 linoleic acid, C18:3 linolenic acid C20:1 eicosenoic acid, C20:2 eicosadienoic acid, C20:3 eicosatrienoic acid, C20:5 eicosapentaenoic acid, C21:0 heneicosanoic acid, C22:0 behenic acid, C22:6 docosahexaenoic acid, C23:0 tricosanoic acid, C24:0 lignoseric acid Table 4.
(1992) studied 0 and 10ppm of ractopamine and observed increased concentrations of the fatty acids palmitoleic acid
, oleic acid, and a-linolenic acid, as well as decreased concentrations in other unidentified fatty acids.
Hatanaka, "Chronic administration of palmitoleic acid
reduces insulin resistance and hepatic lipid accumulation in KK-Ay mice with genetic type 2 diabetes," Lipids in Health and Disease, vol.
This phenomenon might be associated with the decrease conversion of palmitic acid into palmitoleic acid
and stearic acid into oleic acid or the reduction in the supply of these acids in the diet.
Regarding the concentration of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), palmitoleic acid
(C16:1) exhibited higher concentration in the postfermentation and postripening phases for treatment [C.sup.+].
In decreasing order, linolenic acid (LA, 18:2n-6), oleic acid (18:1n-9), palmitic acid (16:0), alpha linoleic acid (18:3n-3), vaccenic acid (18:1n-7), palmitoleic acid
(16:1n-7) and myristic acid (14:0) were the most abundant fatty acids detected.
In ruminants the SCD gene encodes for Stearoyl-CoA desaturase, an enzyme that regulates the proportions of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), considered healthy fatty acids, through the desaturation of palmitic acid (C16:0) to palmitoleic acid
(C16:1) and the desaturation of stearic acid (C18:0) to oleic acid (C18:1) (Izadi et al., 2014).
The highest content of palmitoleic acid
was 14% in Y.
There was a significant difference in the presence of saturated fatty acids, long-chain saturated fatty acids, palmitic acid, and palmitoleic acid
, with higher levels at the time of diagnosis.
Moreover, palmitic acid (C16:0) and palmitoleic acid
(C16:1) accounted together for more than 72.51% of fatty acids.