Two sedimentary facies observed to be exposed in the study area are the peat (paludal
) deposits and floodplain deposits.
On the basis of previous literature, present-day geologic evidence, and identification of biotic content, our results suggest that a paludal
environment sourced from a perched spring was established 22,600-6,700 ybp at the northwestern Arizona tufa site.
1) between images of mainland Florida's ersatz world of cheesy Indian casinos, pastel, ocean-themed nursing homes, mall-culture nomadism, and the all-too harrowing story of Ava's descent into the heart of paludal
& Danu, M.A.--2010--Contributions to the paludal
vegetation study from the Vaslui river basin--Adv.
Hence, the species were classified in regards to two types of functional groups, according to the concept developed by Wilson (1999): i) guilds of alpha type, defined in function of use of resources or diet: carnivorous, herbivorous, necrophagous, insectivorous, nectar-insectivorous, omnivorous; ii) guilds of beta type, corresponding to spatial distribution (habitat): open areas and/or anthropogenic, aquatic and/or paludal
, border of forest, aerial space, forest and generalist, cited by Whittaker (1977) and adopted by Magurran (1989).
He made several observations, including i) the occurrence of surface "boulder clay" across the plains, apparently in "streams" rather than sheets; ii) two boulder clays on the plains (already reported by Dawson and McConnell (O-1885), separated by "interglacial" sediments; iii) potential sources of clay (as sources of clays, lake basins occupied notable space in his writing, later to be incorporated into a retreat history of the Laurentide ice-margin); and iv) significant localized areas of black paludal
sediments, allied to what was generally referred to as the "black loam", or predominant surface soil.
18 In what sort of habitat does a paludal
plant or animal live?