palytoxin


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palytoxin

[′pal·ə‚täk·sən]
(biochemistry)
A water-soluble toxin produced by several species of Palythoa; considered to be one of the most poisonous substances known.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Coral, a living organism, releases palytoxin if attacked.
It is believed to be one of only a few recorded cases of palytoxin poisoning within the UK.
Katie Stevenson and her family who were taken to hospital with a deadly palytoxin after cleaning coral in their fish tank
Matthews, his girlfriend, mother, father, sister and her boyfriend, and four firefighters were rushed to the hospital for treatment after inhaling the poisonous fumes, which was later revealed to be palytoxin. According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), palytoxin is "a potentially life-threatening toxin that can act via dermal, inhalation, and oral routes of exposure."
A specimen obtained from patient A's introduced coral, as well as a specimen obtained from the shop, were both positive for palytoxin. An extended investigation identified seven additional Anchorage residents who appeared to have experienced acute palytoxin-related illness during the preceding 2 years.
Both cicutoxin from water hemlock and palytoxin from marine organisms have unique gas chromatographic/mass spectrophotometric signatures and were eliminated as causative agents in the rare clusters of crayfish-transmitted Haff disease in China and Louisiana.
Fattorusso et al., "Putative palytoxin and its new analogue, ovatoxin-a, in Ostreopsis ovata collected along the ligurian coasts during the 2006 toxic outbreak," Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry, vol.
Ribosome-inactivating palytoxin interacts with high affinity cell-surface receptors, including the [Na.sup.+], [K.sup.+]-ATPase, or [Na.sup.+]/H+ antiporter [35-37].
After a 60-year overview of the history and evolution of synthesis of natural products, sections on comparative design cover classics in terpenes and alkaloid synthesis, with an additional section on miscellaneous targets such as palytoxin, brevetoxin B, and indinavir.
Maths expert Simon Wilson, 60, tried to use palytoxin to make his death look like a heart attack and spare his family more pain.
For the scientists at Hawaii Biotechnology Group Inc., that poison--called palytoxin in its modern incarnation--holds the promise of being a powerful agent against one of modern man's most stubborn opponents: cancer.