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Related to panax quinquefolius: American ginseng, ginseng
The root is the part you want. White flowers, red fruit, 4-5 leaves. The most famous adaptogen of all herbs. Taking it for several months to a year is far more effective than short term doses. Used for cardiovascular disorders like heart attack, heart disease, lowers high blood pressure. Inhibits growth of liver cancer cells, helps amino acids become protein. Good for anyone drinking alcohol with a damaged stomach lining, because it has polysaccharides that protect against alcohol induced gastric ulcers. Hormone balancer and aphrodisiac for both men and women. Only herb to clinically test as a plant source of testosterone. Increases sperm count. Like viagra, ginseng enhances nitric oxide (NO) synthesis which regulates muscle tone of blood vessels that control flow to the penis, leading to stronger erection for impotent men, and cardiovascular performance for sports and bodybuilding. Supports adrenal and prostate functions. Leaves can be used also, but root is most powerful. Taking too much over time can lead to overstimulation. Do not take if pregnant or high blood pressure. Women One of the top herbs for stress. Helps normalize hormones, especially those that guard against breast cancer, endometriosis and hormone-driven problems. It exerts an estrogen effect on the vaginal mucosa, to prevent thinning of vaginal walls after menopause, and the associated discomfort during intercourse. It’s an aphrodisiac, helps cardiovascular system, has an insulin-like effect for sugar removal, anti-aging, wrinkles, stimulates killer cell activity, good for viruses, HIV, helps detox radiation, heavy metals, pollution, good for depression, insomnia, mental clarity, memory, alertness, learning ability, Alzheimer’s. Needs to be taken long term for noticeable effects.