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panda,

name for two unrelated nocturnal Asian mammals of the order Carnivora, red pandas, genus Ailurus, and the giant panda, Ailuropoda melanoleuca.

Red pandas, also known as lesser pandas and cat bears, are found in forest at high elevations in the Himalayas and the mountains of S China and N Myanmar. There are two species (formerly considered subspecies), the Chinese red panda, A. styani, found in Yunnan and Sichuan prov., and the Himalayan red panda, A. fulgens, found in NE India, Nepal, Bhutan, N Myanmar, Tibet, and W Yunnan. Red pandas resemble raccoons but have a longer body and tail and a more rounded head. They are about 3.5 ft (105 cm) in total length and weighs about 12 lb (5.5 kg). The very thick fur is rust color to deep chestnut, with black on the under parts, limbs, and ears; there are dark eye patches on the white face. The Chinese species has a redder forehead and more pronounced tail rings. Red pandas spend much of the time in trees but feed on the ground, eating primarily bamboo leaves but also fruit, roots, and other plant matter. They are the sole members of the family Ailuridae.

The giant panda superficially resembles a bear, but its classification has been disputed; genetic research, however, indicates it is related to the bears, family Ursidae. The body is chiefly white, and the limbs are brownish black, with the dark color extending up over the shoulder. The ears and eye patches are black. Adults weigh from 200 to 300 lb (90–140 kg) and are from 4.5 to 5 ft (140–150 cm) long with a 5-in. (13-cm) tail. Giant pandas live in restricted areas of the high mountain bamboo forests of central China; their diet consists almost entirely of bamboo shoots. Rare in the wild, they breed poorly in captivity, but using artificial insemination and techniques designed to enable a female panda to raise twins, Chinese scientists have greatly improved the reproduction rate of captive pandas. Giant pandas are protected by law in China.

Pandas are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Carnivora, families Ailuridae and Ursidae.

Bibliography

See E. B. Schaller et al., The Giant Pandas of Wolong (1985); D. MacClintock, Red Pandas (1988).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

panda

[′pan·də]
(vertebrate zoology)
Either of two Asian species of carnivores in the family Procyonidae; the red panda (Ailurus fulgens) has long, thick, red fur, with black legs; the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) is white, with black legs and black patches around the eyes.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

panda

1. a large black-and-white herbivorous bearlike mammal, Ailuropoda melanoleuca, related to the raccoons and inhabiting the high mountain bamboo forests of China: family Procyonidae
2. lesser or red panda a closely related smaller animal resembling a raccoon, Ailurus fulgens, of the mountain forests of S Asia, having a reddish-brown coat and ringed tail
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

Panda

(1) A family of security software from Panda Security, Bilbao, Spain (www.pandasecurity.com). Among other products, it offers a cloud-based antivirus program that collects malware data from all of its users that are passed on to the rest of the Panda community within a few minutes. See antivirus.

(2) A periodic set of changes to the Google search algorithm. See Google algorithm.

(3) (Panda Project) See Archistrat computer.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Yi Yi, born on January 14 last year at the National Zoo, is the second offspring of giant pandas Xing Xing and Liang Liang that China loaned to Malaysia for 10 years to commemorate the 40th anniversary of diplomatic ties between both countries.
Polymorphisms of the GnRHR gene in giant panda: Comparative analysis of the giant panda GnRHR gene sequencing indicated two single mutation sites that were found in exons 1 and 2, respectively.
According to the Council of Agriculture (COA) under the Executive Yuan, the import of pandas requires authorization issued by Beijing in accordance with the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), a treaty concerning endangered plants and animals.
Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding is a major tourist attraction, with up to 100,000 visitors daily and thousands filing past the panda nursery, furiously snapping photographs.
Panda Express (Photo via Wikipedia / MANILA BULLETIN)
In addition, he said a pilot project for a 'Giant Panda National Park' with an area of 27,000 square kilometers has been launched, 'opening a new chapter for the conservation of Giant pandas'.
As per the latest statistics, the red panda population has dropped to 10,000 only owing to an ever-increasing rate of deforestation throughout the South and Southeast Asian region.
The result: pandas have been moved from the endangered list to the vulnerable species list.
The Red Panda Network is an organization trying to do just that.
ySTANBUL (CyHAN)- Infrared cameras at a nature reserve in northwest China's Gansu Province have captured wild pandas engaged in some unusual behavior, such as fighting and eating meat.
Panda Security Pakistan has introduced various consumer solutions to its customers in Pakistan and worldwide during the Press conference held in Lahore.
The US Smithsonian National Zoo in Washington, DC, has announced the arrival of a rare giant panda cub.