Referring to WHO Guidance for Surveillance during an Influenza Pandemic
, they said it is tool to help national authorities to develop or update national pandemic
influenza preparedness plans for managing the risk and impact of an influenza pandemic
under the guiding principles
2) Present key points in the course and response to the 2009 H1N1 pandemic
In general, reported values from pandemic
events are likely to underrepresent the true size of outbreaks for reasons such as variable reporting and diagnostic resources by location, and an inability to surveil untreated cases.
Policymakers who are deciding how much to spend on the programs should recognize that a pandemic
may have big, indirect effects on a country's wealth and productivity, in addition to an obvious, direct effect on gross domestic product, the students say.
In the period surrounding the 1918 pandemic
, hygienic conditions were poor and the infant mortality rate was very high (rate among children <1 year of age was 25%-30%) (21).
The deal covers year-round availability of sufficient eggs and other essential supplies to support production of interpandemic or pandemic
influenza vaccine at the company's full production capacity.
Dr Salmon said: "The pandemic
flu virus will be included in the seasonal flu vaccine so there will be a reduction in the virus's room for manoeuvre.
In phase six of a pandemic
, sustained spread of a new flu virus among humans occurs in two or more countries in one region along with at least one more country in another region.
In addition, a small proportion of people infected during the pandemic
influenza transmission remains most active in parts of South Asia and in limited areas of tropical South and Central America.
"We're still in phase 6, it is still a pandemic
," Hartl said, referring to the WHO's six-phase scale where phase six denotes a full influenza pandemic