panegyric


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panegyric

a formal public commendation; eulogy

Panegyric

 

(encomium), a laudatory speech. The term originates from the title of one of Isocrates’ most famous speeches, the Panegyricus (380 B.C.).

The practice and theory of the panegyric were worked out intensively in ancient rhetoric. Different types of the genre included speeches praising kings, gods, cities, and animals, as well as speeches that were salutatory, congratulatory, and consolatory. The panegyric’s motifs became systematized: analyzed in turn were the eulogized person’s physical and spiritual qualities, his innate and acquired qualities, and his conduct in war and peace and in court and council. A contrasting literary genre, the denunciation or invective, had an analogous construction.

Paradoxical and parodic panegyrics were popular from early times. An example is Erasmus’ Praise of Folly, which in places becomes harshly satirical. In the Middle Ages panegyrical techniques were used in lives of the saints, and during the Renaissance in political journalism. In the age of classicism, the 17th and 18th centuries, the panegyric glorifying the enlightened monarch flourished: examples are found in the works of J. B. Bossuet and J. B. Massillon in France and of M. V. Lomonosov, F. Prokopovich, and G. Konisskii in Russia. The genre later degenerated rapidly and lost all social significance, surviving only in anniversary speeches. Employed in a broader sense, the term “panegyric” refers to any eulogy, irrespective of how it finds expression—as an ode, for example.

M. L. GASPAROV

In the East. In the literatures of the East the panegyric took form in remote antiquity as poeticized praise of the deity and the authorities. Examples are found in Sumerian literature of the third millennium B.C., in ancient Egyptian literature between the 21st and 18th centuries B.C., and in Hittite literature of the 18th century B.C.. Panegyric poetry attained its most classic form in Persian literature: the court qasida first perfected by Rudaki and later written by other poets, especially Anvari; the religiophilosophical qasida of Naser Khosrow; and the Sufi ghazal written as a eulogy to the deity. The evolution of the panegyric in Farsi poetry was repeated in all the Islamic literatures, among them Arabic, Turkish, and Urdu. Panegyric traits may also be found in literary genres of the Far East and of Southeast Asia; examples are the Burmese genres of the mawgun and the pyo.

I. S. BRAGINSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Part polemic, part self-important autobiography, and part panegyric, this fluid mix yields a thought-provoking romp through the gravid fields of translation studies, linguistic imperialism, and identity.
Goehring focuses on three texts preserved in manuscripts GB and GC from the White Monastery, which he refers to as A Panegyric on Abraham of Farshut, On Abraham of Farshut, and an excerpt from the Panegyric on Manasse that contains a biography of Abraham.
As the chorus sings a panegyric to Riga (with text by Latvia's famous poet Aleksandrs yiaks), the Nazi military makes a startling entrance onto the town square.
The service to commemorate the begin of the Greek independence struggle, in 1821, was officiated by Archbishop Chrysostomos II of Cyprus, while MEP Costas Mavrides has addressed the panegyric of the Day.
Other pieces collected in The Book of Songs have similar functions and it can be compared to panegyric in English and it is because of this that Wong's, Lo's, and Lam's choice of the panegyric designation in their translation is understandable.
Usually, a prominent member of the neighborhood stands opposite the dancers and recites the "zoumal," a kind of panegyric to good and ethical behavior.
Indeed, Taylor posits Sheale as a likely author for the 'Stanley Poem' of MS Ashmole 48, a panegyric which combines legendary and historical material within a romance structure, and, as the author says, illustrates the kind of material Sheale would have drawn on as a Stanley minstrel even if he were not the actual author.
This book's considerable achievements, though, are marred by Guelzo's literary style, as well as by his apparently irresistible romantic urge to add one more panegyric to the epic of Gettysburg.
By poetic authority; the rhetoric of panegyric in Gaelic poetry of Scotland to c.
It was reported in the Barnsley Chronicle that Pie Committee secretary Mr William Wood "sang a panegyric on Denby Dale Pies and hurled back with lofty scorn the insults and jibes thrown at the Dale because of the fiasco attending the jubilee pie of 1887.
I must admit at the outset that this is not a panegyric on the joys of retail therapy.
I endorse threefold every eulogy, blandishment and panegyric word that has been written or spoken in celebration of his birthday in the hope he has plenty more anniversaries to come.