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a formal public commendation; eulogy
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(encomium), a laudatory speech. The term originates from the title of one of Isocrates’ most famous speeches, the Panegyricus (380 B.C.).

The practice and theory of the panegyric were worked out intensively in ancient rhetoric. Different types of the genre included speeches praising kings, gods, cities, and animals, as well as speeches that were salutatory, congratulatory, and consolatory. The panegyric’s motifs became systematized: analyzed in turn were the eulogized person’s physical and spiritual qualities, his innate and acquired qualities, and his conduct in war and peace and in court and council. A contrasting literary genre, the denunciation or invective, had an analogous construction.

Paradoxical and parodic panegyrics were popular from early times. An example is Erasmus’ Praise of Folly, which in places becomes harshly satirical. In the Middle Ages panegyrical techniques were used in lives of the saints, and during the Renaissance in political journalism. In the age of classicism, the 17th and 18th centuries, the panegyric glorifying the enlightened monarch flourished: examples are found in the works of J. B. Bossuet and J. B. Massillon in France and of M. V. Lomonosov, F. Prokopovich, and G. Konisskii in Russia. The genre later degenerated rapidly and lost all social significance, surviving only in anniversary speeches. Employed in a broader sense, the term “panegyric” refers to any eulogy, irrespective of how it finds expression—as an ode, for example.


In the East. In the literatures of the East the panegyric took form in remote antiquity as poeticized praise of the deity and the authorities. Examples are found in Sumerian literature of the third millennium B.C., in ancient Egyptian literature between the 21st and 18th centuries B.C., and in Hittite literature of the 18th century B.C.. Panegyric poetry attained its most classic form in Persian literature: the court qasida first perfected by Rudaki and later written by other poets, especially Anvari; the religiophilosophical qasida of Naser Khosrow; and the Sufi ghazal written as a eulogy to the deity. The evolution of the panegyric in Farsi poetry was repeated in all the Islamic literatures, among them Arabic, Turkish, and Urdu. Panegyric traits may also be found in literary genres of the Far East and of Southeast Asia; examples are the Burmese genres of the mawgun and the pyo.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Celebrated as "two of the most famous panegyrics produced on the war," (1) the two poems have enjoyed the status of being "distinctly superior to the common run of eighteenth-century political panegyric" and as representing the "only two" poems that "had more than ephemeral appeal to readers"; (2) Bleinheim's "success was second only to that of Addison's work." (3) The exceptional status assigned to the two poems at least partly has its roots in the high-profile ministerial endorsement received by their authors.
At the same time, Gwynne demonstrates, not only in Part III but also in the many excerpts translated and discussed in Part II, Nagonius's exploitation of the Latin literary and panegyric tradition.
In Panegyric, Debord, while more direct in some ways, remains allusive, and his references range from the Cardinal de Retz to lbn Khaldun.
Averil Cameron, "Form and Meaning: The Vita Constantini and the Vita Antonii" (72-88), reads Eusebius's "hybridized" Life of Constantine--part panegyric, part biography--in light of its similarities to the later Life of Antony, in the hopes that the former (like the latter) will be read "not as `source' but as text" (86), that is, not as problematically historiographic but as nascently hagiographic.
The book's thesis relies on a proposition about genres, but the generic status of panegyric is never explained and that of satire never questioned.
By the time that the Civil War became imminent, Cowley had already gained a reputation as a royalist-Anglican writer of panegyric court poetry and anti-Puritan satire; before Milton started Paradise Lost in 1658, he had for many years dedicated his intellectual energies in the Puritan cause, writing radical pamphlets advocating root-and-branch reformation of the Church and attacking royal absolutism.
I watched one of your wives, Olori Folasade when you called her out to perform the panegyrics of Sango at Ajayi Crowder University.
Lewis argues that such terrible reversals of fortune for the Ghaznavids had one obvious effect on the panegyric qasida: they began to be shorter.
William Dunbar, Franciscan and royal pensioner, probably related to the great family of Dunbar, was the nearest to an official as he writes both semi-official panegyrics and petitions.
Vatican II adopted, instead, the literary form of the panegyric, "the painting of an idealized portrait in order to excite admiration and appropriation" (47).
Among their topics are the herdsman in Greek thought, epigram at the margins of pastoral, panegyric in Virgil's Bucolics, pastoral anxieties in Senecan drama, the pastoral novel and the bucolic tradition, and the pastoral in Byzantium.
This collection of essays, a tribute to the work of the late Marie Maclean with the declared intention of being 'panegyric' rather than 'cathartic' (p.