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panegyric

a formal public commendation; eulogy

Panegyric

 

(encomium), a laudatory speech. The term originates from the title of one of Isocrates’ most famous speeches, the Panegyricus (380 B.C.).

The practice and theory of the panegyric were worked out intensively in ancient rhetoric. Different types of the genre included speeches praising kings, gods, cities, and animals, as well as speeches that were salutatory, congratulatory, and consolatory. The panegyric’s motifs became systematized: analyzed in turn were the eulogized person’s physical and spiritual qualities, his innate and acquired qualities, and his conduct in war and peace and in court and council. A contrasting literary genre, the denunciation or invective, had an analogous construction.

Paradoxical and parodic panegyrics were popular from early times. An example is Erasmus’ Praise of Folly, which in places becomes harshly satirical. In the Middle Ages panegyrical techniques were used in lives of the saints, and during the Renaissance in political journalism. In the age of classicism, the 17th and 18th centuries, the panegyric glorifying the enlightened monarch flourished: examples are found in the works of J. B. Bossuet and J. B. Massillon in France and of M. V. Lomonosov, F. Prokopovich, and G. Konisskii in Russia. The genre later degenerated rapidly and lost all social significance, surviving only in anniversary speeches. Employed in a broader sense, the term “panegyric” refers to any eulogy, irrespective of how it finds expression—as an ode, for example.

M. L. GASPAROV

In the East. In the literatures of the East the panegyric took form in remote antiquity as poeticized praise of the deity and the authorities. Examples are found in Sumerian literature of the third millennium B.C., in ancient Egyptian literature between the 21st and 18th centuries B.C., and in Hittite literature of the 18th century B.C.. Panegyric poetry attained its most classic form in Persian literature: the court qasida first perfected by Rudaki and later written by other poets, especially Anvari; the religiophilosophical qasida of Naser Khosrow; and the Sufi ghazal written as a eulogy to the deity. The evolution of the panegyric in Farsi poetry was repeated in all the Islamic literatures, among them Arabic, Turkish, and Urdu. Panegyric traits may also be found in literary genres of the Far East and of Southeast Asia; examples are the Burmese genres of the mawgun and the pyo.

I. S. BRAGINSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
In each of the final three plays, the servants create and enact dramatic fictions, but they are not, of course, panegyrists but tricksters intent on deceiving an unsophisticated audience.
It displays austerity and realism without renouncing the pleasures of the rhyme and beside the humility and sobriety of the author of "The Coronet" and the panegyrist of Cromwell, one still finds the sensuality of a baroque Marvell.
In 354/965, hearing word that the poet al-Mutanabbi had offered poems of praise to Abu 1-Fadi in Arra*, he was eager to receive verses from the famed panegyrist as well.
The panegyrist begins with the assertion that where others had celebrated the destruction of Troy, the foundation of Rome, the cosmic principle of change (corpora metamorphosed into other forms), or the invention of Roman imperial majesty out of the Civil Wars, his co-equal ambition was to sing of Henry VII's recent foreign adventure:
She does this essentially by splitting the Rgvedic kavi into two: the composer of ritual hymns and the panegyrist or purohita.
A panegyrist, he wrote poems praising various Samanid princes and much lyrical poetry, but he is remembered chiefly for an uncompleted epic dealing with the introduction of Zoroastrianism and the conflicts and exploits of mythical heroes from the Persian past.
In this connection, one is to be reminded that Ibn Daniyal's involvement with the Mamluk court as an official panegyrist and court jester did not begin until much later, and it peaked during the reign of Sultan al-Ashraf Khalil ibn Qalawun (r.
Primarily a panegyrist, al-Mutanabbi wrote in a flowery, bombastic style marked by improbable metaphors.
The metamorphosis of the Socialist Party is probably best illustrated by the political journey of Michel Rocard: the man who was expected to dominate the congress but didn't; the former Minister of Planning, then Agriculture, in the Mitterrand government; the ex-radical socialist, ex-New Leftist, ex-champion of worker-management and current panegyrist of profit; the perennially unsuccessful political climber.
Nef'i became famous as a court panegyrist and also as a powerful satirist during the time of Sultan Murad IV (1623-40).
Galvanised by a spiritual charge, some fans spontaneously stand up and start symmetrically moving their faces forward and backward while repeating after Al Tohamy, a scion of a family of panegyrists.
The Oratio is one of Filelfo's best-known and most influential works and an important source of inspiration for subsequent Sforza panegyrists.