panel methods

panel methods

[′pan·əl ‚meth·ədz]
(fluid mechanics)
Methods used in ship design to simplify the computation of the flow of water around a ship by assuming the flow to be frictionless and by taking advantage of the linearity of the Laplace equation, which governs the velocity potential in frictionless flow, to superpose elementary solutions to the problem on panels on the hull and (in most methods) on the free surface of the water.
References in periodicals archive ?
Furthermore, most of the studies test FHP by using panel methods for the different sample from world.
It is commonly known that in the applied econometrics literature that the panel methods have some extended advantages over cross sectional and time series data.
Data from the telephone interviews illustrated varying levels of implementation of Staffing Methodology across the 21 facilities, from facilities that had been using the precursor expert panel methods since the 1990s, and adapted their processes to fit the new standardized approaches specified in the Staffing Methodology Directive, to medical centers that were just initiating their first cycle of Staffing Methodology.
The expert panel method was perceived as overly complex, and with its reliance on facility-level expert panels, insufficiently focused on the determination of staffing at the unit level, where care is actually delivered (Fasoli, Fincke, & Haddock, 2011).
Their discussion of lags provides a nice bridge from the cross-sectional techniques emphasized in Chapters 2-5 to the time series and selected panel methods discussed in Chapters 7-8.
The panel methods are offered under different names such as "Boundary Element Method", "Surface Singularity Methods", "Boundary Integral Methods", or "Boundary Integral equation Methods".
The integral equation of Panel methods of higher order were also used for the flow field calculation by Hess and Simth [1967].
Lectures in foreign institutions: 1997--Kyushu University, Japan, long endurance high altitude unmanned aerial vehicles; 1998--Bristol University, UK, panel methods in teaching of airplane design; 1999--Saint-Cyr, France, panel methods theory and practice; Old Dominion University, Virginia, USA, coupled flight dynamic / panel method tool for conceptual design and analysis of existing vehicles; 2000--Boeing, Saint Louis, USA, coupled flight dynamic / panel method analysis; Israel Aircraft Industry, design and flight dynamics of a HALE UAV; 2001--London, Kingston University, civil unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), "State of the Art And Challenges for the Future".
Using panel methods, we show that there is strong evidence that the unit root null can be rejected against an alternative hypothesis of stationarity with one or two structural changes in either the slope or in both the intercept and the slope of the international real GDP series.
They prove that established time series and panel methods substantially exaggerate the persistence of real exchange rates because of heterogeneity in the dynamics of disaggregated relative prices.
The driver disk also features a software utility for easy programming of default settings instead of the usual DIP switches or front panel methods.
The importance of the panel methods have been widely recognized during the last few decades.