pangolin


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pangolin

(păng-gō`lĭn), armored, toothless mammal of tropical Asia and Africa. Pangolins range in length from 3 to 6 ft (90–180 cm) including the long, broad tail. Their snouts are narrow and pointed. The body is low to the ground and is covered with large, triangular, overlapping scales on the back, the sides, the outer sides of the limbs, and the entire tail. The belly is covered with sparse hair. When threatened, the animal rolls into a ball and erects the scales, points upward, so that it resembles a large pinecone. It also secretes a foul-smelling liquid. Pangolins, also called scaly anteaters, break open logs with their large, powerful claws and use their exceedingly long, slender tongues to lap up the insects on which they feed. Members of some species are tree dwellers and have prehensile, or grasping, tails; others are terrestrial. Pangolins are not closely related to any other living mammals, and their ancestry is not known, but it appears genetically related to the raccoon and giant panda. There are eight species, all of the genus Manis. Large numbers of pangolins are killed for their meat, scales, and skin, for local use in some cases and illegal export in others (in parts of Asia the meat is considered a delicacy and the scales are used in traditional medicines). All species are threatened, and several are endangered. Pangolins are classified as phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Pholidota, family Manidae.

pangolin

[′paŋ·gə·lən]
(vertebrate zoology)
Any of seven species composing the mammalian family Manidae; the entire dorsal surface of the body is covered with broad, horny scales, the small head is elongate, and the mouth is terminal in the snout.

pangolin

any mammal of the order Pholidota found in tropical Africa, S Asia, and Indonesia, having a body covered with overlapping horny scales and a long snout specialized for feeding on ants and termites
References in periodicals archive ?
Killing of pangolin species were reported from Sumatra, Indonesia (Sopyan, 2009) and in Peninsular Malaysia (Chin and Pantel, 2009).
Even in Nigeria, pangolin meat is a very expensive delicacy which locals simply term 'bush meat.
The massive trafficking and killing of pangolins in China and Vietnam for their scales (believed to have medicinal properties, with no scientific foundation) and bush meat as a delicacy in several high-end restaurants are posing serious threats.
Interestingly, Vietnamese poachers are, I am told, turning up in far-flung places such as Borneo--to target high-value species like the pangolin,' reports Tilker.
A local elder Malik Sohrab Khan Wazir informed the wildlife department officials about the presence of a giant pangolin in his house at Azeem Kila village near Bannu, said DFO Khan Malook Khan.
The pangolin, or scaly anteater, is the only mammal with large overlapping scales covering its body.
Sindh Wildlife Department (SWD) and WWF-Pakistan have jointly released Indian pangolin (Manis crassicaudata) into Khar Centre of Kirthar National Park, 45 kilometers off Karachi.
The traffickers were found in possession of primate skulls and pangolin scales that they were about to export to their trading partners, said the Director of the Last Great Ape Organisation (LAGA) in Cameroon, Ofir Drori.
The observations of Sunda pangolin reproductive parameters in this paper were based on the wild-caught animals and those that had spent time in captive environments, however, when analyzing the results, we did not consider differences in terms of breeding habits between the two.
Priced at Dhs100 per copy, all money raised from the sale of the book will be sent to Save Vietnam's Wildlife Centre to adopt an endangered pangolin, reported as the world's most hunted mammal.
The dogs in Gabon are trained Wagtail | to detect ivory, pangolin, leopard skin, shark fin, bush meat and iboga root.