pangolin

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Related to pangolins: scaly anteater

pangolin

(păng-gō`lĭn), armored, toothless mammal of tropical Asia and Africa. Pangolins range in length from 3 to 6 ft (90–180 cm) including the long, broad tail. Their snouts are narrow and pointed. The body is low to the ground and is covered with large, triangular, overlapping scales on the back, the sides, the outer sides of the limbs, and the entire tail. The belly is covered with sparse hair. When threatened, the animal rolls into a ball and erects the scales, points upward, so that it resembles a large pinecone. It also secretes a foul-smelling liquid. Pangolins, also called scaly anteaters, break open logs with their large, powerful claws and use their exceedingly long, slender tongues to lap up the insects on which they feed. Members of some species are tree dwellers and have prehensile, or grasping, tails; others are terrestrial. Pangolins are not closely related to any other living mammals, and their ancestry is not known, but it appears genetically related to the raccoon and giant panda. There are eight species, all of the genus Manis. Large numbers of pangolins are killed for their meat, scales, and skin, for local use in some cases and illegal export in others (in parts of Asia the meat is considered a delicacy and the scales are used in traditional medicines). All species are threatened, and several are endangered. Pangolins are classified as phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Pholidota, family Manidae.

pangolin

[′paŋ·gə·lən]
(vertebrate zoology)
Any of seven species composing the mammalian family Manidae; the entire dorsal surface of the body is covered with broad, horny scales, the small head is elongate, and the mouth is terminal in the snout.

pangolin

any mammal of the order Pholidota found in tropical Africa, S Asia, and Indonesia, having a body covered with overlapping horny scales and a long snout specialized for feeding on ants and termites
References in periodicals archive ?
This includes plans 'to acquire a large piece of land for rehabilitation and research on rescued pangolins apart from the use of protected areas for release.
If the Chinese, South and Southeast Asian governments do not take appropriate steps in the conservation of pangolins, the majestic mammal has very little option left.
That came after more than 223 live pangolins as well as nine large bags of pangolin scales were discovered in a warehouse near Medan, North Sumatra, in June.
Interestingly, Vietnamese poachers are, I am told, turning up in far-flung places such as Borneo--to target high-value species like the pangolin,' reports Tilker.
The presence of the mammal identified as Indian pangolin was noticed near Islamia College in Jamshed Town, Karachi, this month.
The traffickers were found in possession of primate skulls and pangolin scales that they were about to export to their trading partners, said the Director of the Last Great Ape Organisation (LAGA) in Cameroon, Ofir Drori.
During questionnaire surveys, people of the area were asked whether they were familiar with the scaly ant- eater Have they seen the species When did they the species was seen last time Where they saw it and at what time How many individuals of the species were there when they saw it Had they seen any young ones of the species also Do they know about capturing or hunting of pangolins in the area What is their perception about the Indian pangolin and will they kill it on sight Is the species useful or harmful for their agriculture
LAKKI MARWAT -- The wildlife department officials released a pangolin in the natural habitat near river Kurrum on Monday.
Sunda pangolins (Manis javanica) belong to the mammalian order Pholidota and are one of eight extant species of pangolin (Nowak 1991, Corbet & Hill 1992, Gaubert & Antunes 2005).
Fifty copies of the nine-page book have been published by University of Manchester in Dubai and are up for sale, with the proceeds going to save endangered pangolins.
We are losing species like sloth bears and tigers for body parts, pangolins for scales & bush meat, elephants for ivory at a rapid scale.
Despite universal campaigns to end the crime, every day we still hear about pangolins, elephant tusks, and even live geckos seized in airports and harbours.