pangolin

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pangolin

(păng-gō`lĭn), armored, toothless mammal of tropical Asia and Africa. Pangolins range in length from 3 to 6 ft (90–180 cm) including the long, broad tail. Their snouts are narrow and pointed. The body is low to the ground and is covered with large, triangular, overlapping scales on the back, the sides, the outer sides of the limbs, and the entire tail. The belly is covered with sparse hair. When threatened, the animal rolls into a ball and erects the scales, points upward, so that it resembles a large pinecone. It also secretes a foul-smelling liquid. Pangolins, also called scaly anteaters, break open logs with their large, powerful claws and use their exceedingly long, slender tongues to lap up the insects on which they feed. Members of some species are tree dwellers and have prehensile, or grasping, tails; others are terrestrial. Pangolins are not closely related to any other living mammals, and their ancestry is not known, but it appears genetically related to the raccoon and giant panda. There are eight species, all of the genus Manis. Large numbers of pangolins are killed for their meat, scales, and skin, for local use in some cases and illegal export in others (in parts of Asia the meat is considered a delicacy and the scales are used in traditional medicines, though China withdrew approval of the use of the scales in 2020). All species are threatened, and several are endangered. Pangolins are classified as phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Pholidota, family Manidae.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

pangolin

[′paŋ·gə·lən]
(vertebrate zoology)
Any of seven species composing the mammalian family Manidae; the entire dorsal surface of the body is covered with broad, horny scales, the small head is elongate, and the mouth is terminal in the snout.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

pangolin

any mammal of the order Pholidota found in tropical Africa, S Asia, and Indonesia, having a body covered with overlapping horny scales and a long snout specialized for feeding on ants and termites
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Athagarh Divisional Forest Officer (DFO) Sasmita Lenka said, "The rescued pangolin is currently kept in the Badamba Forest Range and will later be released into Nandankanan Zoo."
Ten heads of the Philippine pangolin were recovered at a checkpoint in Tagaytay City last June.
The pangolins, a rare and gentle mammal, fetched steep prices for its scales and meat used for traditional medicine or exotic dishes.
This is the third major seizure of pangolin scales in Singapore in 2019.
He said that various stakeholders were making their sincere efforts to control poaching and smuggling of Pangolins in the country.
Pangolins are covered with uniquely tough and overlapping scales.
Pangolins are currently the world' most trafficked mammal and are illegally hunted for their scales and meat - which is considered a delicacy in many countries.
'We have witnessed a sharp rise in the last 10 years of the trade of pangolins and their parts from Africa to markets in Asia, mostly China and Vietnam.
Along with the pangolin scales, 177kg of cut up and carved elephant ivory worth C$120,000 were also seized during the inspection.
Singapore has seized around 26 tons of pangolin scales belonging to around 38,000 of the endangered species over five days, authorities said Wednesday, reported DW.
Pangolins, known in the Akan language as 'Aprawa', are a globally protected species to protect them from extinction, due to the mad rush for their delicate meat for local delicacies.