Pantheon


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Pantheon: Greek pantheon

pantheon

(păn`thēŏn', –thēən), term applied originally to a temple to all the gods. The Pantheon at Rome was built by Agrippa in 27 B.C., destroyed, and rebuilt in the 2d cent. by Hadrian. Remarkably well preserved, it is mainly of brick with a great hemispherical dome whose supporting walls are set in concrete. In 609 it was converted into a Christian church consecrated to Santa Maria dei Martiri. The term is now applied to a monument in which illustrious dead are buried. The Panthéon (päNtāôN`) in Paris was designed by J. G. Soufflot and was begun in 1764; the dome was completed (1781) after his death. An earlier church on the site was dedicated to St. Geneviève. The Panthéon was several times secularized and reconsecrated, becoming finally a mausoleum and memorial for France's illustrious citizens.

Pantheon

Temple dedicated to all the gods of a people; specifically the temple built in 25 B.C. in Rome by Emperor Hadrian, with a coffered concrete dome illuminated by an oculus at the top, set on a very thick circular drum, and having an octastyle portico attached to the drum outside.

Pantheon

 

a burial vault of prominent persons. Normally such pantheons are housed in buildings that have, or initially had, religious importance. Examples include Westminster Abbey in London (1245–1745) or the church of Ste. Geneviève in Paris (1764–90; J.-G. Soufflot, architect), which became the French Pantheon in 1791, during the French Revolution.


Pantheon

 

a temple in Rome dedicated to all the gods and an outstanding example of ancient Roman architecture. It was erected circa A.D. 125 on the site of a temple of the same name constructed by Agrippa. The Pantheon is a rotunda covered by an enormous, coffered dome, with a diameter of more than 43 m. A round opening approximately 9 m in diameter in the center of the dome serves as the source of light for the interior. The dome is made from concrete interlaid with brick. The wall supporting the dome is divided into two tiers on the inside, the lower of which is broken up into seven niches.

There is a harmonious balance in the interior between the height and diameter of the structure. The dome, which dominates the space of the rotunda, is divided into caissons and, not overwhelming the viewer with its weight, majestically towers above him like a firmament. The entrance is accentuated by a portico of 16 Corinthian columns, with eight in the front and eight in the back. Remarkable for its breathtaking grandeur and unity of form, the Pantheon exerted a great influence on the architecture of its time and of succeeding eras. In the Middle Ages, when it was subjected to frequent partial alterations, the Pantheon was converted into a church. Today it is a national mausoleum where prominent figures in Italian art, including Raphael and B. Peruzzi, are buried.

REFERENCE

Fine Licht, K. de. The Rotunda in Rome. Copenhagen, 1968.

pantheon

pantheon, 2
1. A temple dedicated to all the Gods.
2. (Cap.) The Rotunda in Rome, formerly a temple to all the gods, now a church.
3. The Pantheon in Paris, the former church of Sainte-Geneviève, now a shrine to national heroes.

pantheon

1. (esp in ancient Greece or Rome) a temple to all the gods
2. all the gods collectively of a religion

Pantheon

a circular temple in Rome dedicated to all the gods, built by Agrippa in 27 bc, rebuilt by Hadrian 120--24 ad, and used since 609 ad as a Christian church
References in periodicals archive ?
It's a good bet that this raucous, ribald, laugh-out-loud graphic novel will keep the stories and lessons of the Egyptian pantheon alive in the minds of current and future generations.
Pantheon was developed to assist invertebrate nature conservation in England.
But if there is one particular pantheon Gaiman clearly enjoys working with, it is the Norse pantheon-one-eyed Odin, hammer-throwing Thor, deceptive Loki and company.
Rothschild's Emperor Wu Zhao and Her Pantheon of Devis, Divinities, and Dynastic Mothers provides useful sources for readers who are interested in Chinese History, Chinese Philosophy, Women's Studies, or Feminist Studies.
BlogVault has developed, and along with Pantheon, created a specialised WordPress plugin- Pantheon Migrations.
Pantheon already has a 50% working interest in several projects in Tyler and Polk Counties, onshore East Texas.
The company released Priority Enterprise Support, which provides around-the-clock emergency support, on-boarding and training features, and new cloud integration tools to enable developers to integrate workflows with apps and services and unify login across services; it also launched Pantheon for EDU, a platform for educational institutions to manage and host Drupal and WordPress sites.
The "Black panther," as he was known, was taken by a horse drawn carriage across main streets in Lisbon up to the National Pantheon at 7p.
Pantheon recently expanded its offerings to include a partner directory so website stakeholders can tap directly into a vetted network of Drupal development shops and digital agencies.
Pantheon does it for you in software, without any upfront expense or time wasted that could otherwise be spent on the actual website," said Kelly Bell, founder, Gotham City Drupal.
Kevin Fleetwood, sBU director at AkzoNobel states, "We have j developed a strong working relationship with Pantheon and believe we have the very best partner in the field of Chrome Free pretreatments.
London, August 1 (ANI): One of antiquity's most remarkable examples of engineering, The Pantheon - a giant temple in the heart of Rome - that was built by Emperor Hadrian 2000 years ago, may have acted as a colossal sundial, a new study has revealed.