papilledema


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papilledema

[¦pap·əl·ə′dē·mə]
(medicine)
Edema of the optic disk. Also known as choked disk.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Brain vein thrombosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis in these patients when signs and symptoms including headache, cranial nerve involvement, papilledema, loss of motor function accompany the picture of colitis.
As a result, the venous blood builds up in the brain thereby increasing the intracranial pressure and resulting in papilledema.
Pressure on the brain causedthe papilledema that the ophthalmologist saw.
Other than this and papilledema, neurological and cognitive evaluations are usually normal; epileptic seizures or cortical venous infarction are rare.
Occasionally the headache is accompanied by altered mentation, decreased level of consciousness, and papilledema.
2], and significant improvements were seen in intracranial pressure, headache severity, and papilledema.
Understanding the pressure itself could cause blindness - a condition known as papilledema - he immediately rang the hospital to make arrangements.
3) These consist of papilledema and 2 previously unreported retinal findings: an unusual discoloration of the retinal vessels that ranges from orange to white, and a patchy whitening of the retina that occurs around the fovea and in the periphery (Figure 3).
There was no papilledema, scalp tenderness, or neck range of motion limitations.
Warning signs of intracranial pathology that will require neurosurgical intervention include: drowsiness, impaired motor function (hemiparesis or hemi-ataxia), unsteady gait or inability to stand, vomiting with or without head pain, headache with valsalva maneuvers such as coughing, papilledema or pupil asymmetry of size or reactivity to light.
They included: Floppy eyelid syndrome (this disorder causes eyelids to evert spontaneously during sleep, resulting in excessive watering, stickiness, discomfort and blurred vision); glaucoma (OSA is linked to two forms of this disease, primary open-angle glaucoma and normal-tension glaucoma); Nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (characterised by the sudden painless onset of vision loss in one eye, when waking) and papilledema.
Ophthalmologic evaluation may be useful if diplopia is a presenting complaint or in the presence of papilledema (Chin & Murphy, 2006).