human papillomavirus

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human papillomavirus

(HPV), any of a family of more than 100 viruses that cause various growths, including plantar wartswart,
circumscribed outgrowth of the skin caused by a filterable virus that is readily transmitted. Warts may appear anywhere on the skin but are most common on the hands.
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 and genital warts, a sexually transmitted diseasesexually transmitted disease
(STD) or venereal disease,
term for infections acquired mainly through sexual contact. Five diseases were traditionally known as venereal diseases: gonorrhea, syphilis, and the less common granuloma inguinale, lymphogranuloma venereum, and
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. Genital warts, sometimes called condylomata acuminata, are soft and often occur in clusters. They can occur internally or externally, but even in the absence of warts the virus may be present and transmittable. Problems can result from untreated warts, which can grow quite large, or, in rare cases, from infection of an infant during delivery. In addition, about a dozen strains of HPV are associated with cancercancer,
in medicine, common term for neoplasms, or tumors, that are malignant. Like benign tumors, malignant tumors do not respond to body mechanisms that limit cell growth.
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 of the cervix, vulva, vagina, penis, anus, and mouth and throat, and HPV 16 has been shown to be associated with some forms of Kaposi's sarcoma (see AIDSAIDS
or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome,
fatal disease caused by a rapidly mutating retrovirus that attacks the immune system and leaves the victim vulnerable to infections, malignancies, and neurological disorders. It was first recognized as a disease in 1981.
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) and throat cancer.

Transmission of HPV strains is often the result of sexual contact, but it can also occur as the result of any skin-to-skin contact involving the mouth or genitals. Detectable warts can be or removed, usually by chemicals, freezing, or laser, but often recur. Intralesional alpha interferon has been effective in the treatment of genital warts. A vaccine approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 2006 can protect a woman against those strains that cause most cases of cervical cancer and genital warts, and a study has shown it may also protect against related throat cancers. HPV vaccination is now recommended for both girls and boys beginning at 11 to 12 years of age.

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human papillomavirus

[¦yü·mən ‚pap·ə′lō·mə ‚vī·rəs]
(medicine)
One of a family of more than 100 different viruses, most commonly spread via sexual contact, that cause warts on the hands and feet and in the genital area; several types are associated with premalignant and malignant changes in the cervix. Abbreviated HPV.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sociodemographic factors associated with high-risk human papillomavirus infection.
Key words: Human Papillomavirus (HPV), HPV vaccination, college males, sexually transmitted infection (STI)
Analysis of oral papillomas, leukoplakias, and invasive carcinomas for human papillomavirus type related DNA.
Highlights of prescribing information: Gardasil 9 (human papillomavirus 9-valent vaccine, recombinant).
Selon les previsions, le taux des cancers oropharyngiens associes au papillomavirus humain (VPH) devrait croitre a un rythme important au cours des prochaines decennies.
Diseases associated with human papillomavirus infection.
Human papillomavirus is a sexually transmitted infection, estimated to cause 5 percent of human cancers.
[2.] Hunt R, Hwa C, Tzu J, Patel R, Tyring SK, Stein J: Multiple human papillomavirus 16 associated digital squamous-cell carcinomas in an immunocompetent woman with prior human papillomavirus related genital carcinoma.
Detection of human papillomavirus by PCRMany varieties of (HPV) genotypes infecting the anogenitaltract can be detected by PCR technique.
Natural history of the infection for human papillomavirus: an actualization.
99.7% of cervical cancers are caused by persistent human papillomavirus (HPV) infection which causes changes to the cervical cells.