patients, % N = 52 Positive Influenza only 14 27 Influenza A (H3) 10 19 Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 3 6 Influenza B 1 2 Noninfluenza only 13 25 Respiratory syncytial virus 1 2 Parainfluenza
3 2 4 Rhinovirus 3 6 Enterovirus 2 4 Human coronavirus 229E 2 4 Adenovirus 3 6 Co-infection 5 10 Influenza A (H3) and rhinovirus 1 2 Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 and 1 2 rhinovirus Influenza B and rhinovirus 2 4 Parainfluenza
3 and rhinovirus 1 2 No.
Bu cocuklardan alinan bogaz suruntu orneklerinde respiratuar sinsityal virus (A+B), influenza virus (A+B), parainfluenza
virus (1, 2, 3, 4), insan metapnomovirus, rinovirus ve koronavirus (OC43+229E) varligi real-time PCR yontemiyle [The RealAccurate [TM] Respiratory RT PCR Kit (PathoFinder BV, Hollanda)] arastirilmistir.
Los agentes virales son considerados un importante componente de este complejo, siendo los mas frecuentes el virus del Sindrome Respiratorio y Reproductivo Porcino (PRRS), Influenza porcina, Aujeszky, Coronavirus Respiratorio Porcino, Parainfluenza
3, Circovirus II e Influenza porcina (Bochev, 2007) y bacterias como Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae, Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae y Bordetella bronchiseptica (Rosete et al.
The three types of parainfluenza
viruses co-circulated every year in Brazil, the PIV-3 the most frequent, with the highest circulation in the second half of the year, most evident from 2007.
Although the Parainfluenza
Virus 3 bug - responsible for most cases of cold and croup-type symptoms - does not usually cause harm in healthy adults or children, sick and premature babies being treated in the neonatal unit are more susceptible.
An easy-to-use real-time multiplex RT-PCR kit for detection and differentiation of parainfluenza
2 and parainfluenza
The Nipah and Hendra viruses are members of the genus Henipavirus, a new class of virus in the Paramyxoviridae family, which includes the measles and the human parainfluenza
virus (HPIV) that causes pediatric respiratory disease.
All monoclonal antibodies were evaluated for cross-reactivity against the respective IA subtypes and one isolate each of influenza B, parainfluenza
1-3, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), and adenovirus isolates from the clinical laboratory.
Non-core vaccines include canine parainfluenza
, distemper-measles combination, Bordetella (kennel cough), leptospirosis, Lyme disease, canine coronavirus, giardiosis and rattlesnake envenomation.
Hospitalization rates for children who prove to have RSV are three times higher than those for children whose illness is caused by influenza or parainfluenza
, even in populations where the rate of flu vaccination is quite low.
rhinoviruses and respiratory syncytial virus [RSV]), adenoviruses, and parainfluenza