Paralogism

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Paralogism

 

an accidental error in logic. Paralogisms are opposed to sophisms, which are deliberate mistakes made in discussions, arguments, or debates.

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In the introductory remarks to the Paralogisms he explains more generally that 'It ['I'] is known only through the thoughts which are its predicates, and of it, apart from them, we cannot have any concept whatsoever, but can only revolve around in a perpetual circle, since any judgment upon it has always already made use of its representation' (Kant, CPR, A346/B404).
There are scholars who argue in a functionalist vein that knowledge of the necessary activity of the soul does not provide knowledge of the ultimate subject of that activity, and that this separation, which is at the heart of the Paralogisms, does not challenge but in fact supports a reconciliation of Kant's critical idealism with the materialism of much contemporary philosophy of mind and cognitive neuroscience.
Kant also uses the term to denote the "state of reason" in all three dialectical syllogisms, including the Paralogisms and the Ideal of Pure Reason.
The guiding thread of reason, as a simulacrum of orientation, must result from the unraveling of the Paralogism and of the Ideal of Pure Reason, which in turn are woven into the maxims (the regulative, as opposed to constitutive, principles of reason).
In the conclusion, Dyck argues that this new interpretation does not put Leibniz or Descartes outside of the scope of the main line of criticism in the Paralogisms.
The paper considers Kant's criticism of rational psychology in the Paralogisms of Pure Reason in light of his German predecessors.
21) Kant argues in the Paralogisms (in both editions) against out knowledge of a substantial self, and he argues that in psychology we have no evidence of any extended substance.
41) The relevance of Kant's views on substance to his conception of the substrate of thought, the psyche or soul, can be glimpsed in an important passage from the Paralogisms of 1781:
A close reading in this spirit of the paralogisms (his proof that certain dogmatic assertions of rational psychology are formally fallacious) begins in the second chapter with the chief features of the soul treated in the first two paralogisms.
The first is Kant's skeptical attack on the claims of pure reason to epistemic authority, where the focus is on the paralogisms and the antinomies of pure reason.
80) As the Paralogisms of Pure Reason make clear, we cannot know the human subject as a subject: "we do not have, and cannot have, any knowledge whatsoever of any such subject.
By establishing such rigorous conditions for the acceptance of principles, Schelling attempted to make Hegel's program for a consideration of thought-determination fall apart and produce paralogisms (p.