Minards NA, Trewick SA, Godfrey AJR, Morgan-Richards M (2014) Convergent local adaptation in size and growth rate but not metabolic rate in a pair of parapatric
Hybridization, with or without polyploidy, can play a critical role in the origin and establishment of edaphic specialists (Abbott et al., 2013; De Storme & Mason, 2014), especially under parapatric
, sympatric, and peripatric modes of speciation.
Based on the hypothesis of parapatric
speciation between Panopea generosa and Panopea globosa, nuclear genes were used to provide molecular evidence of ancient phylogeny between them, and included other species of the genus for a broader comparison.
The vertical distribution of pronophiline butterflies (Nymphalidae, Satyrinae) along an elevational transect in Monte Zerpa (Cordillera de Merida, Venezuela) with remarks on their diversity and parapatric
The extensive intraspecific variation in the karyotype is typical for the latter genus which is usually divided into three species with nearly parapatric
Habitat use by parapatric
rabbits in a Mexican high-altitude grassland system.
Firsthand experience with and knowledge of the seasonal male advertisement call characteristics is also important so it can be distinguished with certainty from the other natural "trilling" sounds produced by sympatric or parapatric
species (red-spotted toad, Anaxyrus punctatus; Lesser Nighthawk, Chordeiles acutipennis; and possibly insects).
Hybridization between chromosome races of the Sceloporus grammicus complex (Phrynosomatidae): structure of the Ajusco Transect.
The ranges of these 2 species within the Pacific Northwest are considered parapatric
, in concordance with division across the Cascades (Fig.
& WOJTUSIAK J., 2002.--The vertical distribution of pronophiline butterflies (Nymphalidae, Satyrinae) along an elevational transect in Monte Zerpa (Cordillera de Merida, Venezuela) with remarks on their diversity and parapatric
It is possible that additional new species may occur here as parapatric
segregates, as seems to be the case with H.