Parapertussis


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parapertussis

[¦par·ə·pər′təs·əs]
(medicine)
An acute bacterial respiratory infection similar to mild pertussis and caused by Bordetella pertussis.

Parapertussis

 

an acute infectious disease of man resembling whooping cough (pertussis) in etiology, epidemiology, and clinical symptoms. Parapertussis may occur at any age, but it generally affects children three to five years of age. It is rare among children less than one year of age. The source of infection is a sick person and the mode of transmission is by airborne droplets. The patient is infectious for two weeks from onset of the disease.

The main symptom is a cough, sometimes paroxysmal, as in whooping cough, but the attacks are less frequent and of shorter duration. Rhinitis and a normal or slightly elevated body temperature are common. The usual outcome is complete recovery; complications are extremely rare. Vaccination or a previous history of whooping cough do not result in immunity to parapertussis. The duration and method of isolating patients are the same as in whooping cough, but only children under one year of age are isolated.

References in periodicals archive ?
The molecular diagnostic assay is to be used with the Solana molecular diagnostic instrument for the qualitative detection and differentiation of Bordetella pertussis (Whooping Cough) and Bordetella parapertussis nucleic acids isolated from nasopharyngeal swab specimens obtained from patients suspected of having a respiratory tract infection attributable to Bordetella pertussis and Bordetella parapertussis.
parapertussis in 8/183 (4.4%), and the PCR test was positive for both species in 2 cases.
Pertussis, or whooping cough, is an upper respiratory infection caused by the Bordetella pertussis or Bordetella parapertussis bacteria.
pertussis, 11 (5.7%) for Bordetella parapertussis, two (1.0%) for Bordetella holmesii, and five (2.6%) were indeterminate.
Another group, acquired by airborne respiratory syncytial virus, adenovirus, parainfluenza, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, and hominis, without ruling out the possibility of Bordetella pertussis or parapertussis (7,8).
Twenty two people have died and a further 361 are suffering from whooping coughs, a contagious disease caused by Bordetella Parapertussis bacteria.
Comparison of culture and PCR for detection of Bordetella pertussis and parapertussis under routine laboratory conditions.
Gram-negative coccobacilli were identified as B pertussis and Bordetella parapertussis using fluorescent antibody stain (Difco, VWR, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada) and a fluorescence microscope (Olympus, Markham, Ontario, Canada).
A bonus of the DTaP is some crossover protection against the parapertussis bacteria, a cousin of pertussis.
parapertussis, chlamydia trachomatis, certain adenoviruses, and respiratory syncytial virus.