paraphasia


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Related to paraphasia: echolalia, paraphrasing

paraphasia

[‚par·ə′fā·zhə]
(psychology)
The erroneous production of unintended words in speech that is a feature in some forms of aphasia.
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References in periodicals archive ?
While linguistic disorders-in which repetition is preserved and speech output is diminished and that anomia and paraphasias accompany-are attributed to ventrolateral and ventral anterior nuclei lesions, a fluent aphasia is seen with pulvinar and posterior lateral nucleus lesions.
When trying to repeat a sentence, sufferers of Wernicke's aphasia might use several paraphasias and add extraneous syllables as well, an effect called augmentation.
His word-retrieval impairment fell in the mild-to-moderate range, and his errors consisted of semantic paraphasias for both nouns and verbs.
Measure Pretreatment Posttreatment Test of Adolescent/Adult Word Finding (TAAWF) Raw Score 19/107 40/107 Comprehension (%) 75 96 * Object and Action Naming Battery (OANB) Nouns Only (Number Correct) 50/81 64/81 Types of Errors on TAAWF and OANB: Total Errors (%), Excluding No Responses Semantic Paraphasias 57.
The positive practice repertoire may also include gesture and pantomime to reduce use of generic terms and paraphasias.
Depending on the specific syndrome, 65% to 70% of all phonemic paraphasias involved a switch of a single feature.
A scrutiny of the history revealed that the main problem was indeed language deficits, such as word-finding difficulties and paraphasias but not memory problems per se.