Zonana, a past president of the academy as well as its current medical director, noted that in the case of paraphilias
, there does not seem to be a guiding principle for what usually is or is not included in the definition.
is a biomedical term used to describe sexual arousal caused by objects or situations that are not part of normal stimulation, such as exhibition, fetishism, sexual masochism, sexual sadism, voyeurism etc.
They say the manual doesn't actually contain a list of sexual orientations--only sexual and gender identity disorders--which include paraphilias
. In other words, the new hate-crime legislation wouldn't have to protect these perversions because, technically, they're not designated as "sexual orientations."
(19) To be diagnosed as having a paraphilia
, depending on the type of paraphilia
, (20) the person must also either have acted on the urge or there must be resulting clinically significant distress or impairment in important areas of functioning.
(205.) Berlin et al., supra note 204, at 208 ("[T]he best available evidence suggests that most sexual deviance and paraphilia
is caused by very early biomedical events leading to neurodevelopmental disruption.").
Presentation on Powerpoint (unpublished PowerPoint
Erotic obsession: Relationship to hypoactive sexual desire disorder and paraphilia
. American Journal of Psychiatry, 153, 30-41.
(9) However, influenced by Money's work, the term paraphilia
was introduced into the classification of sexual disorders in the DSM-III.
A recent review of the literature (Stanley, 1998) also suggests that neural anomalies (which contribute to intellectual and cognitive deficits) as well as hormonal changes may be associated with paraphilia
and other sex offenses by males.
Thus, there is emphasis in the statute on offenders whose dangerousness to others is caused by such pathologies as paraphilia
and anti-social personality disorder, both included in the official Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, Fourth Edition, of the American Psychiatric Association, popularly referred to as DSM-IV.
" is a psychiatric term for a disorder in which unusual or bizarre acts or imagery are necessary for sexual excitement.