paraphrase

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paraphrase

1. an expression of a statement or text in other words, esp in order to clarify
2. the practice of making paraphrases

Paraphrase

 

(1) In literature, the retelling of a literary work in one’s own words; also, an abridged exposition, or adaptation, of a long literary work, such as a children’s edition of Cervantes’ Don Quixote or Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe. The term was also used to designate the rendering of a prose text into verse. An example is Three Paraphrased Odes (1743, published 1744), three versified renderings of the 143rd Psalm by V. K. Tredia-kovskii, M. V. Lomonosov, and A. P. Sumarokov. The aim of this work was to ascertain which verse meter was most appropriate for the high style. Some linguists consider paraphrase a synonym for periphrasis.

(2) In music, a term widely used in the 19th century for a virtuoso instrumental fantasia, usually for piano, based on themes from such sources as popular songs and operatic arias. These themes often undergo considerable change. Most paraphrases are classed with light music. A number of masterly paraphrases were composed by F. Liszt, such as those based on themes from Verdi’s opera Rigoletto and on the polka from Tchaikovsky’s opera Eugene Onegin.

References in periodicals archive ?
To test this possibility, students paraphrased both a simple and a complex paragraph.
First, simply thinking about paraphrasing requires considerable cognitive energy and once the physical process of writing begins, people have little resources left to automatically engage in thoughtful, systematic processing to determine if they paraphrased sufficiently; as such people experience cryptoamnesia or are unaware of plagiarizing (Marsh, Landau, & Hicks).
Following, the class reviewed samples of original excerpts and corresponding examples of plagiarized and accurately paraphrased work.
In the fight column(s), students wrote paraphrased summaries, allowing for a direct comparison of their work and the original, a technique recommended in methods textbooks (e.
The students then paraphrased the paragraphs, taking as much time as needed to complete the task.
Any rewritten paragraphs left blank were treated as if the student could not determine whether they had been plagiarized or correctly paraphrased.
Approximately 76% of the respondents correctly identified the two paraphrased versions of the original (80% for Paragraph 8 and 72% for Paragraph 9).
The finding that over 50% of the sample incorrectly judged 6 of the plagiarized versions of the original to be correctly paraphrased is in direct contrast to Hale's (1987) conclusions.
The pattern of results obtained in the present study suggests that more than half of the students in our sample were not adequately informed about the proper procedures for paraphrasing text and thus could not correctly distinguish between various types of plagiarized versus correctly paraphrased text.
As in the previous study, students were asked to read the original paragraph and then each rewritten version, and to determine whether each rewritten version was correctly paraphrased, plagiarized, or indeterminable whether or not it was correctly paraphrased or plagiarized.
Approximately 72% of the students correctly identified the two paraphrased versions of the original (82% for Paragraph 5 and 62% for Paragraph 6).
While biblical commentaries denominationally vary on certain contentious theological and liturgical matters (such as the Lord's Supper), they commonly agree on such undisputed biblical episodes as the passages from Samuel and Isaiah paraphrased by Wheatley.