paraplegia


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paraplegia

(pâr'əplē`jēə), paralysis of the lower part of the body, commonly affecting both legs and often internal organs below the waist. When both legs and arms are affected, the condition is called quadriplegia. Paraplegia and quadriplegia are caused by an injury or disease that damages the spinal cord, and consequently always affects both sides of the body. The extent of the paralysis depends on the level of the spinal cord at which the damage occurs. For example, damage to the lowest area of the cord may result only in paralysis of the legs, whereas damage farther up on the cord causes possible loss of control over the muscles of the bladder and rectum as well or, if occurring even higher, may result in paralysis of all four limbs and loss of control over the muscles involved in breathing.

Most frequently the cause is an injury that either completely severs the spinal cord or damages some of the nervous tissue in the cord. Such damage could result from broken vertebrae that press against the cord. Diseases that cause paraplegia or quadriplegia include spinal tuberculosis, syphilis, spinal tumors, multiple sclerosis, and poliomyelitis. Sometimes when the disease is treated and cured, the paralysis disappears, but usually the nerve damage is irreparable and paralysis is permanent. Treatment of paraplegia and quadriplegia is aimed at helping to compensate for the paralysis by means of mechanical devices and through psychological and physical therapy.

Paraplegia

 

paralysis of both lower or both upper limbs. It arises as a result of organic lesions of the nervous system (organic paraplegia); sometimes it results from psychogenic disturbances, as in paraplegia from hysteria.

paraplegia

[‚par·ə′plē·jə]
(medicine)
Paralysis of the lower limbs.

paraplegia

Pathol paralysis of the lower half of the body, usually as the result of disease or injury of the spine
References in periodicals archive ?
Paraplegia can be further categorized into two types- complete or incomplete.
In addition, the tendon reflexes were absent below the T3 level; the initial presentation of paraparesis progressing to paraplegia with a muscle power score of 0 for the bilateral lower limbs and 5 for the bilateral upper limbs was observed, and a positive test of bilateral Babinski reflex was taken.
A novel splice site mutation in ERLIN2 causes hereditary spastic paraplegia in a Saudi family.
We present the case of a young pregnant patient with sudden-onset paraplegia due to acute haemorrhage involving a spinal HMB.
In this study, we compared components of HRQOL between subjects with paraplegia (injury level at thoracolumbar sections) and quadriplegia (injury level at cervical sections) to determine whether injury level can be used as a determinant of HRQOL among people with chronic SCI.
Categories were formed for each demographic variable, including sex (male/female); type of disability (tetraplegia, high paraplegia [thoracic (T)1 to T7], low paraplegia [T8 to lumbar (L)4] [30]); and others including multiple sclerosis, brain injury, Guillain-Barre syndrome, transfemoral amputation, and post-polio), time since injury or diagnosis ([less than or equal to] 10 yr, >10 but [less than or equal to] 20 yr, and >20 yr), age (<40 yr, >40 but <60 yr, and >60 yr of age), weight (40-80 kg or >80 kg), and shoulder pain (no shoulder pain when NRS score was 0, mild shoulder pain for NRS scores that ranged from 1 to 4, and more than moderate shoulder pain for NRS scores that ranged from 5 to 10 [31]).
Out of 150 patients 105 (70%) presented with paraplegia and 45 patients (30.
This study includes 34 cases of pott's paraplegia treated with anterior trans-thoracic, transpleural approach to the spine with complete or partial corpectomy with rib graft.
Familial spastic paraplegia (FSP) is not a single disease entity; it is a group of clinically and genetically diverse disorders that share a primary feature of progressive and generally severe lower extremity weakness and spasticity.
On an arm ergometer test, nearly one in four healthy persons with paraplegia fail to achieve VO2 levels required to perform many of the essential activities of daily living (Noreau et al 1993).
Paraplegia is an impairment of motor or sensory functions of the lower extremities.
A 36-year-old male patient with T12 paraplegia ASIA-B fell during transfer from wheelchair to the bed.