paraplegia


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paraplegia

(pâr'əplē`jēə), paralysis of the lower part of the body, commonly affecting both legs and often internal organs below the waist. When both legs and arms are affected, the condition is called quadriplegia. Paraplegia and quadriplegia are caused by an injury or disease that damages the spinal cord, and consequently always affects both sides of the body. The extent of the paralysis depends on the level of the spinal cord at which the damage occurs. For example, damage to the lowest area of the cord may result only in paralysis of the legs, whereas damage farther up on the cord causes possible loss of control over the muscles of the bladder and rectum as well or, if occurring even higher, may result in paralysis of all four limbs and loss of control over the muscles involved in breathing.

Most frequently the cause is an injury that either completely severs the spinal cord or damages some of the nervous tissue in the cord. Such damage could result from broken vertebrae that press against the cord. Diseases that cause paraplegia or quadriplegia include spinal tuberculosis, syphilis, spinal tumors, multiple sclerosis, and poliomyelitis. Sometimes when the disease is treated and cured, the paralysis disappears, but usually the nerve damage is irreparable and paralysis is permanent. Treatment of paraplegia and quadriplegia is aimed at helping to compensate for the paralysis by means of mechanical devices and through psychological and physical therapy.

Paraplegia

 

paralysis of both lower or both upper limbs. It arises as a result of organic lesions of the nervous system (organic paraplegia); sometimes it results from psychogenic disturbances, as in paraplegia from hysteria.

paraplegia

[‚par·ə′plē·jə]
(medicine)
Paralysis of the lower limbs.

paraplegia

Pathol paralysis of the lower half of the body, usually as the result of disease or injury of the spine
References in periodicals archive ?
In the following 3 hours, the patient developed symptoms of paraplegia and paresthesia below the T4 dermatome in the ED and lost his anal sphincter function.
HSAN2B is a predominantly sensory neuropathy and has been rarely described with spastic paraplegia. Among previously reported cases, the disease progression was highly variable.
A 43-year-old man presented to the emergency department with acute onset paraplegia and lower back pain that began in the absence of trauma.
Given the lesion was partially within the spinal cord, treatment with surgical resection would risk potential permanent paraplegia. Additionally, she was considered not a good candidate for embolisation.
In Bahzina village in the countryside of Homs, President al-Assad and his family visited the injured Nabil Issac who suffered paraplegia after being injured while performing his national duty and remained incapacitated for two years.
Paraplegia mostly occurs as a result of a spinal cord injury caused due to an accident or any other trauma- most common accidents among them include motor vehicle accidents and falls.
Unfortunately, the patient appeared to have developed complete flaccid paraplegia. A thorough neurological exam showed a sensory (pain and temperature) and motor deficit at T10 level and loss of sphincter control.
A nullimorphic ERLIN2 mutation defines a complicated hereditary spastic paraplegia locus (SPG18).
Keywords: Spinal cord haemangioblastoma, Haemorrhage, Paraplegia, Magnetic resonance.
"I made the decision, a long time ago, in 2008," said Vervoort who, at the age of 15, was diagnosed with a rare muscle condition which resulted in paraplegia.
Long cases taught in the Fourth Year and Final Year include spastic paraplegia, Flacid Paraplegia, Hmiplegia, PICA, Hypoglycemic Brain Injury, Pyogenic Meningitis, Viral Encephalitis, Tuberculous Meningitis, COPD, Asthma, Interstitial Lung Disease, Rheumatoid Arthritis, SLE, Systemic Sclerosis, Mixed Connective Tissue Disease, Polymyositis, Dermatomyositis, Gout, Osteoarthritis, Congestive Cardiac Failure, Corpulmonale, Constrictive Pericarditis, Myocardial Infarction, Hypertension, Rheumatic Fever and Rheumatic Heart Disease, Infective Endocarditis, Atrial Fibrillation,