paraplegia

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paraplegia

(pâr'əplē`jēə), paralysis of the lower part of the body, commonly affecting both legs and often internal organs below the waist. When both legs and arms are affected, the condition is called quadriplegia. Paraplegia and quadriplegia are caused by an injury or disease that damages the spinal cord, and consequently always affects both sides of the body. The extent of the paralysis depends on the level of the spinal cord at which the damage occurs. For example, damage to the lowest area of the cord may result only in paralysis of the legs, whereas damage farther up on the cord causes possible loss of control over the muscles of the bladder and rectum as well or, if occurring even higher, may result in paralysis of all four limbs and loss of control over the muscles involved in breathing.

Most frequently the cause is an injury that either completely severs the spinal cord or damages some of the nervous tissue in the cord. Such damage could result from broken vertebrae that press against the cord. Diseases that cause paraplegia or quadriplegia include spinal tuberculosis, syphilis, spinal tumors, multiple sclerosis, and poliomyelitis. Sometimes when the disease is treated and cured, the paralysis disappears, but usually the nerve damage is irreparable and paralysis is permanent. Treatment of paraplegia and quadriplegia is aimed at helping to compensate for the paralysis by means of mechanical devices and through psychological and physical therapy.

Paraplegia

 

paralysis of both lower or both upper limbs. It arises as a result of organic lesions of the nervous system (organic paraplegia); sometimes it results from psychogenic disturbances, as in paraplegia from hysteria.

paraplegia

[‚par·ə′plē·jə]
(medicine)
Paralysis of the lower limbs.

paraplegia

Pathol paralysis of the lower half of the body, usually as the result of disease or injury of the spine
References in periodicals archive ?
income-generating activity for paraplegic women who suffered injuries during the 2005 earthquake in Azad Jammu and Kashmir.
Organized by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and Friends of Paraplegics, among other partners, the event was part of the upcoming celebrations to mark International Day of Persons with Disabilities on December 3.
We believe that the paraplegics outside this hospital who read this paper will be stimulated and benefited by the experience of perceiving the achievement of the boys who produced it.
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Deepa, who started her career at the ripe age of 36 in 2007, is a paraplegic ( paralysed below chest).
Workers from a nearby garage heard the carer's hysterical screams for help at around 12.30pm and waded in to save James, who is understood to be paraplegic.
A young man recently made paraplegic works at a summer camp for special needs youngsters and faces his own hardships.
But paraplegic microlight pilot Dave Sykes is oon his travels again.
The results so far are promising: these experimental techniques have enabled a small, carefully selected group of paraplegic patients to walk hundreds of meters in the laboratory, using walkers for support.
He has been involved with a number of community organizations including the Eastern Shore Recreation Commission, the Musquodoboit Harbour Volunteer Fire Department, the Eastern Shore Jr Mariners Hockey Club, the Rick Hansen Foundation, the Kevin Murphy Hockey Fund, the Canadian Paraplegic Association (NS), Metro Transit Access-a-Bus-Advisory Committee, and Twin Oaks/The Birches Health Care Charitable Foundation.
Working together with the Empa and the Swiss Paraplegic Centre, Schoeller Medical has developed a special sheet that assists in the prevention of bedsores and takes the Techtextil Innovation Prize 2013 in the category "New Applications".
The 57-year-old suffers with a rare condition called Body Integrity Identity Disorder, a rare psychological complaint which means she desperately wants to be paraplegic - paralysed below the waist.