Parapodium

(redirected from parapodial)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to parapodial: Notoseta

parapodium

[‚par·ə′pōd·ē·əm]
(invertebrate zoology)
One of the short, paired processes on the sides of the body segments in certain annelids.
A lateral expansion of the foot in gastropod mollusks.

Parapodium

 

one of the lateral processes on the body of polychaetous worms. The parapodia are borne in pairs by each trunk segment and serve primarily as locomotive organs. Parapodia typically consist of a ventral and a dorsal branch. Each branch is equipped with a cluster of bristles and with a tactile antenna, which at times is modified into a gill.

References in periodicals archive ?
There are no branchiae on the parapodial lobes and the anterior setae have long, curved bidentate blades.
Ventral cirri are attached at the base of the parapodial lobe and the ventral cirri at the base of setiger 1 are broad and laminar.
Cirros dorsales ausentes en el segundo seftigero, sedas compuestas con artejos cortos y unidentados, glandulas parapodiales con material granular a partir del cuarto setigero.
Antena central situada por detras de las laterales, sin ningun tipo de glandulas parapodiales, proventriculo pequeno, sedas compuestas de la parte posterior del cuerpo con artejos cortos, ganchudos, lisos y todos del mismo tamano.
Sin cirros dorsales en el segundo setigero, con capsulas parapodiales en bastoncillos a partir del cuarto setigero; sedas compuestas con artejos muy cortos y unidentados.
Organization of pedal motorneurons and parapodial motor fields.
Newly formed terminal setigers develop chaetae and parapodial lobes typical of the tail region (Fig.
Appearing at this stage are visible palp and anterior parapodial rudiments.
The parapodial rudiments of setigers A1-A9 emerge laterally, correlated with a dorsoventral flattening of region A.
The genus Chaetopterus has several species that show variation in overall adult size, tube morphology, and details of parapodial and setal form.
A metamorphic inducer was present in methanol extracts of several adult tissues, with most activity occurring in extracts of the posterior mucous gland of the female reproductive tract (61% intracapsular metamorphosis occurred), digestive gland (49%), and parapodial lobes (56%; Fig.