The very fact that slips of the tongues have two synonymous terms, namely spoonerisms and parapraxes
indicate two different hyposthases of the level where the disruption takes places.
unlike single parapraxis seems to give way to utter incoherence, or perhaps it is just more volubly inventive.
What we have in the above instances from Ensor and Collins is, typically for parapraxes
, a compromise formation - between fear of a punitive censor and a desire to vent the truth openly.
The letter contains two interesting parapraxes
, flat-out mistakes about the plot of Hamlet, and both of them can be traced to the same moment in the play.
Reflecting on these parapraxes
, I will go on to sketch an alternative aesthetic model--note that I hesitate to describe this as an "ideal"--in terms of which Lee's work can be seen as a strong example of the "national culture" for which Frantz Fanon argues in The Wretched of the Earth.
She shows well how every page of Joyce's late novel is permeated with word-shapings and deformations, based on multiple principles of punning, languages other than English, and Freudian parapraxes
that reveal unconscious functionings.
As already noted, in the analytic situation, Freud, true to the heritage of experimental psychology and like an automatic self-recording machine, maintains a "suspended attention" in order not to select but to register virtually everything and to cling to the accidental and the insignificant such as parapraxes
, slips, and puns.