Challenged and cornered, reframed as greedy capitalists in judiciary courts and popular media, the landowners adopted, together with a variety of state actors, armed forces, and parastate
groups, violent methods to interrupt the ongoing revolution: illegal means to keep the law at work.
in Colombia: Political Violence and the Restructuring in Barrancabermeja.
4) We think this concept to be more appropriate to characterize the Swiss way of policy making, as it indeed focuses on the strong cooperation between parastate
organizations and the state.
Their accusations, from time to time, talk about a parastate
(or unofficial policy) with exploitation of foreigners, official violence, employers that ill treat their workers, and the connivance of employers with state services (i.
If, on the other hand, his commitment was to the Serbian national cause, what explains his total abandonment of Croatia's Serbs in 1995, when the lawless parastate
he had supported was ethnically cleansed of Serb civilians by the Croatian Army's Operation Storm?
Costs formerly assumed by the family and civil society are displaced to state and parastate
agencies, and in the process multiplied by factors ranging from 2 to 15, resulting in fiscal burdens which will eventually suffocate Quebec taxpayers.
He said one such parastate
in the north is headed by AUC leader Carlos Castano, a southern sector by FARC leader Manuel "Tirofifo" Marulanda, and the center by Bogota mayor Antanas Mockus, who governs the most important city in the country.
organizations struggling to violently seize state power frequently destroy the lives of the people whose interests they claim to protect.
Maintaining tight-credit policies in the aftermath of the twin oil shocks of the 1970s, as well as during the early stages of the restructuring of heavy industry and the parastate
sector initiated by the PSOE in 1983, moreover, plunged the country into a protracted recession, and unemployment rose to more than 21%.
intelligence was aware that groups in the military had secretly begun planning military operations in Croatia, smuggling arms into Serb-inhabited areas and drawing up maps of territory to be seized that roughly approximated the borders of the so-called Serbian Krajina, or parastate
, that the Serbs would carve out of Croatia the following year.
For a thorough discussion of the growth and structure of the parastate
sector in Mexico, see chapters 5 and 6 in James M.
More recently, however, the concept of state responsibility has expanded to include not only actions directly committed by states, but also states' systematic failure to prosecute acts committed either by low-level or parastate
agents or by private actors.