paratype


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paratype

[′par·ə‚tīp]
(systematics)
A specimen other than the holotype which is before the author at the time of original description and which is designated as such or is clearly indicated as being one of the specimens upon which the original description was based.
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Colour of the female paratype in alcohol : pale yellowish; a narrow dusky band just below the peduncular part of lateral line extending anteriorly and fainter to above base of sixth anal ray; a small dusky spot centrally on the dorsal fin membrane; an irregular dusky spot at the base of the caudal fin above the lateral line and extending dorsally to the base of the third principal caudal ray; all other fins translucent.
Direct comparison with two paratypes from Cordillera Vilcabamba and the single sample from Cordillera Yanachaga revealed all specimens to be similar (Fig.
None of the eight new species of the genus Bicarinatina described by Gravitis (1981) can be considered as valid: part of them must be considered as junior synonyms of the type species Bicarinatina bicarinata (Kutorga) and part of them were represented by poorly preserved holotypes or paratypes that cannot be identified at the species level.
0-mm paratype is either deformed or has sustained an injury from which it has healed.
The holotype and paratype are permanently deposited in the Division of Fishes, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History (USNM collection).
1 M 2 F holotype, allotype, paratype Sugar Grove, Ohio.
One of the lessons learned is that it is advisable, if at all possible, to lodge paratype material in more than one institution.
Colour of female paratype in alcohol: after two months of preservation overall yellowish tan with pupil-sized black spot on upper side of caudal peduncle.
Typeface collections from Berthold, ParaType, Phat Fonts and Sparklefonts are now available from Fonts.
Liu-sheng Chen and Hong Lin; 1 female, locality same as paratype, 7-V-2009, leg.