Colour of the female paratype
in alcohol : pale yellowish; a narrow dusky band just below the peduncular part of lateral line extending anteriorly and fainter to above base of sixth anal ray; a small dusky spot centrally on the dorsal fin membrane; an irregular dusky spot at the base of the caudal fin above the lateral line and extending dorsally to the base of the third principal caudal ray; all other fins translucent.
Direct comparison with two paratypes
from Cordillera Vilcabamba and the single sample from Cordillera Yanachaga revealed all specimens to be similar (Fig.
None of the eight new species of the genus Bicarinatina described by Gravitis (1981) can be considered as valid: part of them must be considered as junior synonyms of the type species Bicarinatina bicarinata (Kutorga) and part of them were represented by poorly preserved holotypes or paratypes
that cannot be identified at the species level.
is either deformed or has sustained an injury from which it has healed.
The holotype and paratype
are permanently deposited in the Division of Fishes, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History (USNM collection).
1 M 2 F holotype, allotype, paratype
Sugar Grove, Ohio.
One of the lessons learned is that it is advisable, if at all possible, to lodge paratype
material in more than one institution.
of M irianjaya), 10 specimens, 22.
The four male specimens range in length from 135 to 315 mm (holotype 255 mm, paratype
135 mm), their width is between 0.
Colour of female paratype
in alcohol: after two months of preservation overall yellowish tan with pupil-sized black spot on upper side of caudal peduncle.
Typeface collections from Berthold, ParaType
, Phat Fonts and Sparklefonts are now available from Fonts.
Liu-sheng Chen and Hong Lin; 1 female, locality same as paratype
, 7-V-2009, leg.