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Related to paratyphoid: parathyroid, enteric fever


see salmonellosissalmonellosis
, any of a group of infectious diseases caused by intestinal bacteria of the genus Salmonella, including typhoid fever, paratyphoid fever, blood poisoning, and food poisoning (gastroenteritis).

Typhoid fever, caused by S.
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any one of several intestinal infections caused by microorganisms of the genus Salmonella. A distinction is made between paratyphoids A and B, which are similar in etiology, epidemiology, and clinical symptoms to typhoid, and paratyphoid C, which usually occurs as a food poisoning.

Paratyphoid C occurs rarely, generally in persons weakened by other infections or by chronic disease. The sources of infection are cattle, swine, and other animals, and man becomes infected by eating insufficiently cooked meat of diseased animals.

In paratyphoids A and B the source of infection is a human being, either infected or a carrier. The carrier state results more often after a case of paratyphoid than after typhoid, but it is usually of shorter duration. The bacteria are excreted with feces and urine. They are stable in the external environment, surviving up to ten days in milk at 18° to 20°C and several months in soil. The factors involved in transmission of the infection are water, food, flies, and infected articles.

The incubation period ranges from three days to two weeks. Paratyphoids differ from typhoid in having a more acute onset, comparatively mild course, and shorter duration of illness. The main symptoms are chills, nausea, vomiting, headache, fever of about 39°C, and, frequently, diarrhea.

Laboratory studies for an accurate diagnosis include, in the first few days of the disease, isolation of the causative agent from blood and later from urine and bile and subsequent serological tests. Prevention and treatment are the same as for typhoid.


Obshchaia i chastnaia epidemiologiia: Rukovodstvo dlia vrachei, vol. 1. Edited by I. I. Elkin. Moscow, 1973.


References in periodicals archive ?
To analyze the genomic epidemiology of paratyphoid fever in these provinces, we first selected 96 Salmonella Paratyphi A strains circulating in 15 provinces in China during 1998-2011 (online Technical Appendix Table 1).
Salmonella enterica serotypes Typhi and Paratyphi A, Paratyphi B (tartrate negative), and Paratyphi C cause a protracted bacteremic illness referred to respectively as typhoid and paratyphoid fever, and collectively as enteric fever.
The diagnostic approach in pigeons presenting with signs of infectious arthritis is primarily directed toward paratyphoid or infection with S gallolyticus.
Paratyphi A causes paratyphoid fever which is less common but clinically similar to enteric fever [1].
Typhoid and paratyphoid are almost identical diseases that are caused by the bacteria salmonella typhi and salmonella paratyphi, respectively.
It includes typhoid fever (caused by salmonella typhi) and paratyphoid fever (caused by S.
Endocervicitis 0 1 0 Disease of Metabolism Rachitis 3 0 1 Beriberi 2 3 6 Diabetes Mellitus 1 0 0 Malnutrition 13 11 12 Colloid Goitre 1 1 0 Addison's Disease 0 1 0 Acute Infections Typhoid Fever 3 3 4 Paratyphoid 1 0 2 Acute Poliomyelitis 0 1 0 Measles 2 0 0 Tetanus 1 0 1 Chicken Pox 0 0 1 Acute Rheumatic Fever 0 0 1 Whooping Cough 3 0 0 Unclassified Conditions Abscesses or infection in various 0 1 2 parts of the body Lead Poisoning 0 1 0 For Diagnosis, No Pathology 0 1 1 Sterility, Diagnosisand Treatment 0 0 3 DEATHS AND CAUSES THEREOF 1931-1932 1.
The most common cases among the food borne illnesses related to amoebic dysentery (153), salmonellosis (113) and typhoid and paratyphoid (115).
Before the experiment started, all animals were vaccinated against Hog cholera, pasteurellosis, pneumonia and paratyphoid.
Newton and her colleagues analyzed 2008-2010 data from the National Typhoid and Paratyphoid Fever Surveillance database, which contains demographic information, travel history and typhoid vaccination status for 5 years before illness onset in cases reported to the CDC.
During the vacations, he participated in a Chinese student-led organization at the UI medical school (Sing Ming Hui) that conducted cholera, typhoid and paratyphoid vaccinations in various schools in Jakarta (p.
The loss of an almost flawless right calf to a burn mark, two abscesses, and weirdly permanent mosquito bites, as well as the loss of productivity and cheer for almost three weeks because of malaria, paratyphoid C, allergies and respiratory troubles, and another bout of malaria, were more worrisome, not just leaving me with a weaker body but also afflicting me with cyberchondria.