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Parentheses ( ( ) ) are used to separate information that is not necessary to the structure or meaning of the surrounding text.
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see punctuationpunctuation
[Lat.,=point], the use of special signs in writing to clarify how words are used; the term also refers to the signs themselves. In every language, besides the sounds of the words that are strung together there are other features, such as tone, accent, and pauses,
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The left parenthesis "(" and right parenthesis ")" are used to delineate one expression from another. For example, in the query list for size="34" and (color = "red" or color ="green"), parentheses group the ORs together so they are a distinct entity from the AND.

In programming, parentheses are used to surround input parameters of a function call. For example, in C, the string compare statement strnicmp (itemA, itemB, 10) uses parentheses to group the ITEMA, ITEMB and 10 values handed over to the function.
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References in periodicals archive ?
(45.) All parenthesised references are to this edition: George Bernard Shaw, Pygmalion: A Romance in Five Acts (Pyg), ed.
(43.) All parenthesised references are to this edition: Mary Jane Ward, The Snake Pit (London: Cassell and Company, 1947).
All parenthesised references to Hymanei are from Stephen Orgel ed., Ben Jonson: Selected Masques (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1970).
All parenthesised references are to Francis Bacon, Bacon's Essays, ed.
Wood, " 'Improv'd by Tract of Time': Metaphysics and Measurement in Paradise Lost," Milton Studies 15 (1981) 43-58.--All parenthesised references are to this edition: John Milton, Paradise Lost (1667, 2nd ed.
All parenthesised references in the text are to this edition.
(1.) All parenthesised references are to this edition: George Szirtes, "Backwaters: Norfolk Fields," in An English Apocalypse (Tarset: Bloodaxe Books, 2001), 103-8.
All subsequent parenthesised references to the text of Wuthering Heights, marked as WH, will be to this edition.
(3.) All parenthesised references are to this edition: Richard Ellmann, Oscar Wilde (London: Penguin, 1989), p.