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Parentheses ( ( ) ) are used to separate information that is not necessary to the structure or meaning of the surrounding text.
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see punctuationpunctuation
[Lat.,=point], the use of special signs in writing to clarify how words are used; the term also refers to the signs themselves. In every language, besides the sounds of the words that are strung together there are other features, such as tone, accent, and pauses,
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The left parenthesis "(" and right parenthesis ")" are used to delineate one expression from another. For example, in the query list for size="34" and (color = "red" or color ="green"), parentheses group the ORs together so they are a distinct entity from the AND.

In programming, parentheses are used to surround input parameters of a function call. For example, in C, the string compare statement strnicmp (itemA, itemB, 10) uses parentheses to group the ITEMA, ITEMB and 10 values handed over to the function.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Rather than choosing one or two to list as a parenthetic citation in the text for each new piece of information, those that have been consulted are listed.
Fleming's parenthetic statement in "Lessons of the War" (Perspective) that the War of 1812 was a just war.
This is "underlined," Prudente suggests, "by the use of a parenthetic sentence: 'It partook, she felt, carefully helping Mr.
A similar intersemiotic translation can be seen in the gif animation 'coracaocabeca' [hearthead] (1980): the throbbing interference of the two alternating texts, created by the timed animation, adds an extra reading difficulty to the parenthetic interruptions that require readers to go out from the center trying to link words and phrases.
The parenthetic usage of an adverbial implies that it is pointedly detached from the rest of the sentence by means of a comma.
Doug Moston (New York, Applause, 1995); parenthetic citations of this text refer to through line numbers (TLN).
The common appearance of idealized and parenthetic structures is also noteworthy throughout in Daisy Miller.
The em dash ("--" so called because historically it was the width of a typeset letter "m") should be used to signify an abrupt change or to set apart parenthetic elements.
Ramos (1996), when proposing the sociological reduction concept, coherent with a parenthetic attitude, does so based on the phenomenological reduction concept (epoque ou epoche) of Husserl (1996), developed in the philosophy field, at a highly abstract level based on the search for the essence of things.