Parler

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Parler

 

(in Czech, Parléř). A family of architects and sculptors who lived in the 14th and the beginning of the 15th century. The family had a southern German and a Czech branch.

Members of the southern German branch who created outstanding examples of late Gothic (Sondergotik) architecture follow.

Heinrich Parler (I). Born circa 1300–10, possibly in Cologne. He built the Kreuzkirche in Schwäbisch-Gmünd (beginning in 1351), which became the prototype for southern German hall churches of the 14th and 15th centuries.

Johann Parler. From Schwäbisch-Gmünd. He supervised the construction of the new choir of the cathedral in Freiburg beginning in 1354.

Heinrich Parler (II). From Ulm. Circa 1377–83 he supervised the construction of the choir in the cathedral in Ulm with Michael Parler (II) and Heinrich Parler (III).

Michael Parler (III). He directed the construction of the cathedral in Strasbourg, beginning in 1383.

The most prominent member of the Czech branch of the family was Peter Parler.

Peter Parler. Born 1330 in Schwäbisch-Gmünd; died July 13, 1399, in Prague. Architect and sculptor. He supervised the construction in Prague of the cathedral of St. Vitus—which was continued by his sons Václav (Wenceslaus) and Jan—and of the Charles Bridge (1357–78), which has towers at each end. He also built the choir of the church of St. Bartholomew in Kolin (1360–78). His most outstanding sculptural works are the stone gravestones of Přemysl Otakar I (1377) and Přemysl Otakar II [1377(?)], both in the cathedral of St. Vitus in Prague, and his stone portrait busts (1374–85, with other masters), which are in the triforium of the cathedral of St. Vitus. The portrait busts are extremely expressive and reflect Parler’s keen powers of observation. The work of Peter Parler marked the height of Gothic art in Bohemia.

REFERENCES

Reinhold, H. Der Chor des Münsters zu Freiburg und die Baukunst der Parlerfamilie. Strasbourg, 1929.
Swoboda, K. M. Peter Parler: Der Baukünstler und Bildhauer [3rd ed.]. Vienna, 1942.
Bachmann, E. Peter Parler. Kitzingen/Main [1952].
References in periodicals archive ?
mentre la lingua anticipa da presso, nella forma e nel contenuto, gli atti concreti che il parlante puo compiere, la facolta e informe e contenutisticamente vuota" (Quando il verbo 26).
13) Je pense a certaines tentatives d' ontologies analytiques (Kevin Mulligan, Barry Smith) qui ne temoignent guere de sens linguistique - c'est-a-dire d' attention a la specificite des modes d organisation qui sont ceux de l'activite parlante.
He reports on a new curiosity which just arrived from Rome: "la tromba parlante," a haut-parlant with which you could speak at the edge of Venice and be heard all the way to the island of Murano.
66) Le meme sixieme imam est dit avoir declare: "Dieu a fait de nous Son Oeil parmi Ses adorateurs, Sa Langue Parlante parmi Ses creatures, Sa Main de bienveillance et de misericorde etendue au-dessus de Ses servieteurs, Sa Face grace a laquelle on se dirige vers Lui, Son Seuil qui guide vers Lui, Son Tresor au ciel et sur la terre.
El aparatito, que cuesta unos US$105, probablemente tenga que calibrarse para Los diferentes caninos de las Americas: en Estados Unidos los perros dicen bowwow, en la Latinoamerica hispano parlante dicen guau guau, y los de Brasil dicen au.
and the romantic nation in an architecture parlante and an architecture
16) In it he acknowledged a finding of Ordinary Language Philosophy that human discourse is an action, and inversely that human action is meaningful action, that is,"une action parlante.
La conversazione tra un parlante nativo e un non nativo puo essere complicata e/o confusa dal punto di vista morfosintattico, ma dovrebbe essere chiara dal punto di vista culturale.
Or priego qui ciascun fedele amante che siate in questo mia difesa e scudo contro a ogni invidioso e mal parlante e contro a chi e d'amorpovero e 'gnudo; e voi care mie donne tutte quante, che non avete il cor gelato e crudo, priego preghiate la mia donna altera che non sia contro a me servo si fera.
L'etude detaillee de la filiation des Tarots Wfist, M/iller et Grimaud pour ces deux saynetes est parlante.
La citation de Searle presentee plus haut fournit deja une indication tres parlante de la maniere dont cette relation est concue : Searle parle de "porter sur" et "renvoyer a" et quelque ligne plus bas, il dit que le terme "intentionnalite" designe le << trait de renvoi ou d'etre-a-propos-de (aboutness) Le modele ici est evident : c'est la relation qui intervient entre un terme du langage et son referent, c'est-a-dire la capacite des termes de signifier.
Les historiens ont heureusement cesse de laisser de cote les documents personnels parce que << l'histoire a besoin d'etre parlante pour s'ecrire de chair >> (34), selon l'expression d'Arlette Farge.