Parler

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Parler

 

(in Czech, Parléř). A family of architects and sculptors who lived in the 14th and the beginning of the 15th century. The family had a southern German and a Czech branch.

Members of the southern German branch who created outstanding examples of late Gothic (Sondergotik) architecture follow.

Heinrich Parler (I). Born circa 1300–10, possibly in Cologne. He built the Kreuzkirche in Schwäbisch-Gmünd (beginning in 1351), which became the prototype for southern German hall churches of the 14th and 15th centuries.

Johann Parler. From Schwäbisch-Gmünd. He supervised the construction of the new choir of the cathedral in Freiburg beginning in 1354.

Heinrich Parler (II). From Ulm. Circa 1377–83 he supervised the construction of the choir in the cathedral in Ulm with Michael Parler (II) and Heinrich Parler (III).

Michael Parler (III). He directed the construction of the cathedral in Strasbourg, beginning in 1383.

The most prominent member of the Czech branch of the family was Peter Parler.

Peter Parler. Born 1330 in Schwäbisch-Gmünd; died July 13, 1399, in Prague. Architect and sculptor. He supervised the construction in Prague of the cathedral of St. Vitus—which was continued by his sons Václav (Wenceslaus) and Jan—and of the Charles Bridge (1357–78), which has towers at each end. He also built the choir of the church of St. Bartholomew in Kolin (1360–78). His most outstanding sculptural works are the stone gravestones of Přemysl Otakar I (1377) and Přemysl Otakar II [1377(?)], both in the cathedral of St. Vitus in Prague, and his stone portrait busts (1374–85, with other masters), which are in the triforium of the cathedral of St. Vitus. The portrait busts are extremely expressive and reflect Parler’s keen powers of observation. The work of Peter Parler marked the height of Gothic art in Bohemia.

REFERENCES

Reinhold, H. Der Chor des Münsters zu Freiburg und die Baukunst der Parlerfamilie. Strasbourg, 1929.
Swoboda, K. M. Peter Parler: Der Baukünstler und Bildhauer [3rd ed.]. Vienna, 1942.
Bachmann, E. Peter Parler. Kitzingen/Main [1952].
References in periodicals archive ?
Aplicaron la tecnica del MAA presentando estimulos desde un parlante de referencia ubicado en una posicion lateral (60[grados] de azimut).
El pseudonimo que utilizo Mesonero Romanos nos da una idea de su actitud: como Curioso Parlante, observa costumbres para describirlas posteriormente a los lectores.
Alli conocio al astronomo Jo Silk, quien le hizo "escuchar" diversas senales electromagneticas provenientes de erupciones solares y pulsares, captadas por radiotelescopios --una version acustica de estas senales puede ser reproducidas a traves de un parlante.
Father Parlante gave us a list of one hundred questions about the Catholic church, questions like What is infallibility?
che Macrobio e Fulgenzio non avevano dubbi riguardo alla natura di 'fiction' dei fatti narrati da Apuleio; tuttavia essi rappresentano quasi un'eccezione, e piu diffusa era l'interpretazione autobiografica del romanzo (adottata ad esempio da Sant'Agostino), suggerita dalla facile identificazione dell'ego parlante con l'autore.
Los mayas se vieron obligados a buscar refugio en la selva, donde se establecieron y crearon un nuevo orden social basado en la organizacion militar-religiosa que gira en torno al culto de la Cruz Parlante.
Este problema no negaba que lo sonoro y lo parlante fuesen un componente de la imagen visual; al contrario, era por su condicion de componente especifico por lo que el sonido no debia producir redundancia con lo que se veia en lo visual >> (Deleuze, 1987: 310).
If the seller is under pressure and wants the house sold quickly, they'll prefer to work with the buyer that can accommodate them the most," said Richard Parlante, sales associate, Coldwell Banker McFadden & Sprowls, Naples, FL.
En su Biblia aparece una vibora parlante y malvada como diablo.
Continuando en el ambito religioso, Manuel Buenrostro Alba enfoca su atencion en los centros ceremoniales mayas del estado de Quintana Roo dedicados a la Cruz Parlante y en sus fiestas tradicionales.
E il contatto a dare alla massa parlante i mezzi per lottare e vincere lo spirito di campanile e aprire la lingua a quella forza di interscambio che crea le comunicazioni tra gli uomini per il tramite di occasioni potenzialmente infinite e mai circoscrivibili a priori.