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(pərōl`), in criminal law, release from prison of a convict before the expiration of his term on condition that his activities be restricted and that he report regularly to an officer. The convict generally remains under sentence, and the restrictions (as of residence, occupation, type of associates) and the supervision are intended to prevent a relapse into crime. Any violation of parole may result in return to imprisonment. The procedure of parole is regulated by statute in the jurisdictions of the United States. It is less often administered directly by the executive than it is by a board or officer with the power to release a convict after he has served the minimum of an indeterminate sentencesentence,
in criminal law, punishment that a court orders, imposed on a person convicted of criminal activity. Sentences typically consist of fines, corporal punishment, imprisonment for varying periods including life, or capital punishment, and sometimes combine two or more
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. Parole is designed to give the prisoner a chance to readjust and to expedite the process of rehabilitation. In military law, a parole is the promise by a prisoner of war on being released from confinement that he will remain in a stipulated place, not attempt to escape, and not take up arms again in the current hostilities against the forces that captured him.


See studies by G. Cavender (1982) and H. E. Allen (1985).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.


Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the conditional release from punishment of convicted offenders before they have served the entire sentence set by the court. Under Soviet law, parole may be applied to persons sentenced to exile, banishment, deprivation of freedom, or correctional labor without deprivation of freedom. It may also be applied to persons serving conditional sentences of deprivation of freedom with certain obligatory work, to military personnel assigned to disciplinary battalions, and to persons conditionally released from deprivation of freedom with obligatory work on the condition that the convicted persons have shown by exemplary behavior and an honest attitude toward work that they have reformed. As a rule, parole may be applied only after half, two-thirds, or three-fourths of the term of punishment has been served. It is not applicable to particularly dangerous recidivists, persons convicted of especially dangerous crimes against the state, or persons convicted of intentional homicide with aggravating circumstances; neither can parole be applied in several other cases provided by law.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 2010, Clarke said she 'proudly introduced the Haitian Emergency Life Protection Act that became the model for the Haitian Family Reunification Parole Programme that was just terminated by this administration - a programme that has been crucial to ensuring Haitian families remain together in safety.
"While on parole, the offenders are supervised in the community until the end of their sentence," he said.
Kevin Stitt's appointment of Luck and other committed reform advocates, the parole system is changing.
She noted that crime victims and their families are called to testify at parole hearings about the pain the crime has caused them.
Nawaz, Maryam and Capt Safdar were released on 12-hour parole after the former premier's wife, Begum Kulsoom, passed away on Tuesday.
It may be added that Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz President Muhammad Shehbaz Sharif had requested the Punjab Home Secretary for a 5-day parole of his imprisoned family members.
On the other hand, summary regarding extension in parole of premier, daughter and son-in-law has been sent to Punjab Chief Minister Usman Buzdar for approval.
What should be examined, it continued, is how decisions of the parole board are controlled and if release criteria are applied in the same way to all prisoners.
Earlier in March, the High Court had cancelled the parole which was granted to Chautala after he violated the terms and conditions of the parole.
"He's going to get parole," Galanter told USA Today.
While out on parole, the parolees will be placed under the supervision of the DOJ's Parole and Probation Administration (PPA) until they reached the maximum period of their prison sentences.