Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.


1. a floor covering of pieces of hardwood fitted in a decorative pattern; parquetry
2. a floor so covered
3. US the stalls of a theatre
4. (in France) the department of government responsible for the prosecution of crimes


A flat inlay pattern of closely fitted pieces, usually geometrical, for ornamental flooring or wainscoting; often employing two or more colors or materials such as stone or wood.



small, planed wooden laths used to cover a floor; also the flooring made from such laths.

Parquet is usually laid in dwellings and public buildings in which intensive wear is not anticipated. It is distinguished by its beauty, durability, and low conductivity of heat and sound. Parquet is usually made from such hard woods as oak, beech, ash, maple, birch, elm, and hornbeam. Precious woods, such as walnut and mahogany, are used for particularly opulent interiors. There are several types of parquet.

Pieced parquet consists of individual pieces of wood measuring 150 to 450 mm long, 30 to 60 mm wide, and 16 mm thick (for coniferouswoods, 19 mm thick). The edges have grooves and ridges so that the pieces fit together tightly. The use of pieced parquet in modern civil engineering is limited because of the large amount of high-quality lumber required, the great expense, and the labor intensiveness of installation.

Mosaic parquet consists of pieces of wood measuring 400 X 400 mm or 600 X 600 mm in perimeter, each of which is made up of small laths (8 to 12 mm in thickness). The top of the laths is covered with special paper that is completely removed after the parquet is laid. A layer of sound-absorbent material, such as rubber or foam plastic, is sometimes glued to the bottom to decrease sound-conductivity.

Another type of parquet has two layers: the lower layer (the base) consists of laths or boards made from lower grades of wood, whereas the upper layer is made up of small pieces of high-quality wood. The layers are joined together by waterproof adhesives. The edges of the parquet panels have grooves and ridges for tight interlocking when the floor is laid. The panels measure from 1,200 to 3,000 mm in length, 145 or 160 mm in width, and 25 to 27 mm in thickness (the surface layer accounts for 6 to 8 mm).

Another type of parquet consists of a base made of square sheets of wooden or wood-fiber boards and a surface layer, glued over the base, made of small pieces of hard wood. The sheets measure 800 X 800 mm or 400 X 400 mm and have a thickness of 13 to 30 mm (the surface layer accounts for 8 mm).

The last two types of parquet are produced in factories in preassembled form with their surface already covered with parquet lacquer, which substantially reduces the cost of the floor and the labor required to install it. The durability of a parquet floor depends in large measure upon its use. Special polishes or lacquers are applied to prevent dirt penetration and reduce wear.


In French the term parquet originally designated a small park or enclosure. In the 14th to 17th centuries the word came to be applied to a carpeted part of a hall in a king’s palace especially reserved for the granting of audiences. In the 17th century a surface of wooden laths (in Russia, “oak brick”) replaced the rug and came to be known as parquet. The polychrome palace parquets of the late 18th century, made of such precious woods as mahogany, rosewood, and ebony, are noted for their intricate patterns. The artistic effect of these parquets also included the tonal play of the wooden surfaces arising from changing illumination of different sections of the floor.


Solov’ev, K. A. Russkii khudozhestvennyi parket. Moscow, 1953.


1. Inlaid wood flooring, usually set in simple geometric patterns.
2. Same as parquetry.
3. The lower floor of a theater, or the section of seats in an opera house, music hall, or theater extending from the musicians’ area to the parquet circle.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bouachrine devrait etre presente a nouveau devant le parquet hier, lundi 26 fevrier, precise la meme source.
beaucoup moins que]Cette decision a ete prise pour garantir que toutes les parties impliquees puissent preparer et clarifier leur position concernant l'execution des mandats d'arret europeens[beaucoup plus grand que], a explique le parquet.
This article is based on the previously carried out systematic literature review of the research direction in Big Data projects using Hadoop Technology, MapReduce kind of framework and compact data formats such as Avro and Parquet (Plase 2016).
The property has an abundance of character with features including leaded lights, ceiling cornice and Parquet floor.
This formula has paid dividends as the company have reviewed the past year and are happy to announce that the resurgence of restoring parquet floors has enabled them to have another record breaking year.
On sait que dans l'edition de l'enquete d'information menee par le parquet de Presse seulement et il n'est pas le droit d'arreter les journalistes dans un sens, comme il a ete passe a l'editeur-en-chef et directeur du journal Al-Seiha, a precise le communique.
Le conseil de l'ordre des avocats doit tenir une reunion urgente, ce jour, en presence des presidents des sections regionales, suite a la communication a la section regionale de Tunis, d'un avis du Parquet pres la cour d'appel de Tunis, relatif au lancement de poursuites judiciaires contre les 5 avocats.
Parquet flooring is arranged in different directions either parallel to the wall or diagonally resulting in overall cross-grain expansion, making it ideal to for installation over concrete subfloor.
Me Jean-Yves Le Borgne, avocat d'Eric Woerth, s'est felicite de la position du parquet.
Le pere de la femme en question avait depose, le 4 janvier 2007, une plainte aupres du parquet general de la cour d'appel de Taza dans laquelle il avait declare que sa fille, hospitalisee dans un hopital a Taza pour une maladie mentale, avait ete agressee par une malade, dont la consequence etait la perte de ses yeux, rappelle la meme source.
1 Djokovic and the rest of his Serbian team are furious that a clay surface has been laid on top of a parquet floor at Belgium's Spiroudome de Charleroi.
I'm not sure he himself knows exactly where he will go, so for the moment we don't know," Parquet said.