mastectomy

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mastectomy

(măstĕk`təmē), surgical removal of breast tissue, usually done as treatment for breast cancercancer,
in medicine, common term for neoplasms, or tumors, that are malignant. Like benign tumors, malignant tumors do not respond to body mechanisms that limit cell growth.
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. There are many types of mastectomy. In general, the farther the cancer has spread, the more tissue is taken. The radical mastectomies of the past (which removed not only the breast, but underlying chest muscle and lymph nodes) have largely been replaced by less drastic, but equally effective procedures. For small tumors, lumpectomy, removing just the tumor and a margin of tissue, may be performed. A partial, or segmental, mastectomy removes the cancer, some breast tissue, the lining over the chest, and usually some lymph nodes from under the arm; total or simple mastectomy removes the whole breast; modified radical mastectomy takes the breast, lining over the chest muscles, and lymph nodes.

Breast reconstruction can be done using the patient's own tissue or breast implantsbreast implant,
saline- or silicone-filled prosthesis used after mastectomy as a part of the breast reconstruction process or used cosmetically to augment small breasts.
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. Mammograms and self-conducted breast exams have done much to reduce the need for radical procedures because they have increased early detection of the cancer, allowing it to be treated before it has spread.

mastectomy

[ma′stek·tə·mē]
(medicine)
Surgical removal of the breast. Also known as mammectomy.

mastectomy

the surgical removal of a breast
References in periodicals archive ?
A total of 18 patients underwent partial mastectomy with or without sentinel node biopsy or axillary node dissection, and four patients underwent complete mastectomy with or without axillary node dissection evenly distributed between the two groups.
As part of her treatment she was given a partial mastectomy, followed by six courses of chemotherapy and 33 of radiotherapy.
Linda returned to a national tour of Blood Brothers in May, just ten weeks after having a partial mastectomy when doctors removed 11 cancerous lymph nodes and the tumour.
After exclusion of women with cancer, a full or partial mastectomy, and those with incomplete data, the cohort included 36,363 women.
Fortunately, early detection has served to increase the number of women eligible for partial mastectomy.
Since then, viewers, in a moving and emotional storyline, have seen her undergoing a partial mastectomy and chemotherapy.
A mastectomy claim in any file or a lumpectomy or partial mastectomy claim in any file followed by at least one Outpatient or Carrier claim for radiotherapy with a breast cancer diagnosis.
Love's interests include the psychosocial response to breast cancer diagnosis, partial mastectomy and immediate reconstruction, cosmetic results of partial mastectomy and ductal anatomy.
Cell-enriched reconstruction is an innovative single treatment procedure that addresses a variety of soft tissue defects and conditions, including the unmet physical and psychological needs created by partial mastectomy.

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