partition

(redirected from partitioner)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Financial, Idioms.

partition

1. a division of a country into two or more separate nations
2. Property law a division of property, esp realty, among joint owners
3. Maths any of the ways by which an integer can be expressed as a sum of integers
4. Logic Maths
a. the division of a class into a number of disjoint and exhaustive subclasses
b. such a set of subclasses
5. Biology a structure that divides or separates
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

partition

An interior wall dividing a room or part of a building into separate areas; may be either non-load-bearing or load-bearing. See also: half-timbered wall
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

partition

the politically motivated division of an existing territory. Such divisions may involve changing existing state borders, and the enforced migration of residents. Partition can occur for several reasons: as a result of outside influence; following the departure of a colonialist power; or as a result of internal unrest. In Britain the term is primarily associated with the partition of Ireland in the 20th century
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Partition

 

in buildings and other structures, a structural element that separates adjacent interior spaces. Partitions usually function as interior enclosing members but sometimes also serve as floor supports.

Partitions may be either fixed, collapsible, or sliding. Residential buildings have partitions that separate one apartment from another and one room from another. Partitions are also used to create interior divisions in lavatories and kitchens. The function and conditions for which a partition is intended are reflected in the standards that govern its strength, sound-insulation qualities, and resistance to fire and water damage.

In modern construction, panels used in partitions are usually made from plasterboard, lightweight concrete, or particle board. Hollow ceramic tiles or lightweight concrete blocks are also used, as are glass blocks and, more rarely, reinforced concrete or bricks. The partitions that are most suitable for residential and public buildings are built up from large, prefabricated plasterboard panels that match the size of the room and are between 8 and 10 cm thick. Partitions for rooms with high humidity are made from hollow concrete slabs or blocks.

L. V. KASAB’IAN

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

partition

[pär′tish·ən]
(building construction)
An interior wall having a height of one story or less, which divides a structure into sections.
(computer science)
A reserved portion of a computer memory, sometimes used for the execution of a single computer program.
One of a number of fixed portions into which a computer memory is divided in certain multiprogramming systems.
(industrial engineering)
A slotted sheet of paperboard that can be assembled with similar sheets to form cells for holding goods during shipment.
(mathematics)
For an integer n, any collection of positive integers whose sum equals n.
For a set A, a collection of disjoint sets whose union is A.
For a closed interval I, a finite set of closed subintervals of I that intersect only at their end points and whose union is I.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

partition

1. A dividing wall within a building; may be bearing or non-load-bearing.
2. In sound-transmission considerations, any building component (or a combination of components), such as a wall, door, window, roof, or floor-ceiling assembly, that separates one space from another.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

partition

(storage)
A logical section of a disk. Each partition normally has its own file system. Unix tends to treat partitions as though they were separate physical entities.

partition

(mathematics)
A division of a set into subsets so that each of its elements is in exactly one subset.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)

partition

A reserved part of a storage drive (hard disk, SSD) that is treated as a separate drive. Even a single drive that takes all the storage space is assigned a partition. For example, early Windows PCs came with the entire disk partitioned as drive C:. New Windows PCs often come with the storage drive partitioned into C: and D:. The main drive is C:, and D: contains a recovery system in the event Windows has to be re-installed. In addition, users may wish to have several drives for organizational purposes, and utility programs come with every computer for adding and modifying partitions. See primary partition, extended partition, basic disk and dynamic disk.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
The number of cut signals obtained by the WASGA partitioner is considerably less than the number of the signals obtained by CERTIFY.
We will first focus on a case of an equivalence class common to three subdomain boundaries as it arises for most subdomain edges in a three-dimensional finite element context if the subdomains are generated using a mesh partitioner. We will use the notation [S.sup.(i).sub.EE], [S.sup.(j).sub.EE] and [S.sup.(k).sub.EE] for the principal minors, of the degrees of freedom of an edge E, of the subdomain Schur complements of the three subdomains that have this subdomain edge in common.
We consider a triangulation of the unit cube into tetrahedral elements and decompositions of this domain into cubic subdomains or subdomains obtained by using a METIS mesh partitioner; see Figure 4.1.
The hypergraph partitioner PaToH [24], which we used for the experiments, has been designed to generate partitions with precise definitions of balance and metrics of partition quality.
(Currently available multilevel hypergraph partitioners, such as PaToH [24], Mondriaan [25], and hMETIS [17], use a few heuristics in the coarsening and refinement steps, which require more than linear time, in order to improve the quality of the partitions.)
In an actual application, it is possible to perform several runs of the vector partitioner and keep the best solution, because vector partitioning by our methods is cheap and takes much less time than the preceding matrix partitioning.
This situation occurs in particular for small p, but also if the preceding matrix partitioner has been highly successful, which often limits the number of processors that own a column.
We are currently investigating lower-bound based tie-breaking in the matrix partitioner as one means of achieving perfect communication balance.
As early as June 1793, the Analytical had doubted the morality of allying with the partitioners of Poland, `just reeking from the spoils of plundered provinces'.
In the second half of the 19th century sobriety movements diminished, first of all as a consequence of the anti-polish policy of the partitioners, especially in the territories of the Prussian and Russian sections.
(14.) Many of the features analysts typically cite as partitioners of melodic lines - rests, durations markedly longer or shorter than those preceding or following, and variations in articulation, for example - are absent or suppressed in these compositions.