partition

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partition

1. a division of a country into two or more separate nations
2. Property law a division of property, esp realty, among joint owners
3. Maths any of the ways by which an integer can be expressed as a sum of integers
4. Logic Maths
a. the division of a class into a number of disjoint and exhaustive subclasses
b. such a set of subclasses
5. Biology a structure that divides or separates

partition

An interior wall dividing a room or part of a building into separate areas; may be either non-load-bearing or load-bearing. See also: half-timbered wall

partition

the politically motivated division of an existing territory. Such divisions may involve changing existing state borders, and the enforced migration of residents. Partition can occur for several reasons: as a result of outside influence; following the departure of a colonialist power; or as a result of internal unrest. In Britain the term is primarily associated with the partition of Ireland in the 20th century

Partition

 

in buildings and other structures, a structural element that separates adjacent interior spaces. Partitions usually function as interior enclosing members but sometimes also serve as floor supports.

Partitions may be either fixed, collapsible, or sliding. Residential buildings have partitions that separate one apartment from another and one room from another. Partitions are also used to create interior divisions in lavatories and kitchens. The function and conditions for which a partition is intended are reflected in the standards that govern its strength, sound-insulation qualities, and resistance to fire and water damage.

In modern construction, panels used in partitions are usually made from plasterboard, lightweight concrete, or particle board. Hollow ceramic tiles or lightweight concrete blocks are also used, as are glass blocks and, more rarely, reinforced concrete or bricks. The partitions that are most suitable for residential and public buildings are built up from large, prefabricated plasterboard panels that match the size of the room and are between 8 and 10 cm thick. Partitions for rooms with high humidity are made from hollow concrete slabs or blocks.

L. V. KASAB’IAN

partition

[pär′tish·ən]
(building construction)
An interior wall having a height of one story or less, which divides a structure into sections.
(computer science)
A reserved portion of a computer memory, sometimes used for the execution of a single computer program.
One of a number of fixed portions into which a computer memory is divided in certain multiprogramming systems.
(industrial engineering)
A slotted sheet of paperboard that can be assembled with similar sheets to form cells for holding goods during shipment.
(mathematics)
For an integer n, any collection of positive integers whose sum equals n.
For a set A, a collection of disjoint sets whose union is A.
For a closed interval I, a finite set of closed subintervals of I that intersect only at their end points and whose union is I.

partition

1. A dividing wall within a building; may be bearing or non-load-bearing.
2. In sound-transmission considerations, any building component (or a combination of components), such as a wall, door, window, roof, or floor-ceiling assembly, that separates one space from another.

partition

(storage)
A logical section of a disk. Each partition normally has its own file system. Unix tends to treat partitions as though they were separate physical entities.

partition

(mathematics)
A division of a set into subsets so that each of its elements is in exactly one subset.

partition

A reserved part of a storage drive (hard disk, SSD) that is treated as a separate drive. A single drive is also assigned a partition that takes up all the space. For example, older Windows PCs came with the entire disk partitioned as drive C:. New Windows PCs often come with the storage drive partitioned into C: and D: drives. The C: drive is the main drive, and the D: drive contains a recovery system in the event Windows has to be re-installed. In addition, users may wish to have several drives for organizational purposes, and utility programs come with every computer for adding and modifying partitions. See primary partition, extended partition, basic disk and dynamic disk.
References in classic literature ?
This haven was divided from the rough world by a glass partition and a half-door, with a leaden sill upon it for the convenience of resting your liquor; but, over this half-door the bar's snugness so gushed forth that, albeit customers drank there standing, in a dark and draughty passage where they were shouldered by other customers passing in and out, they always appeared to drink under an enchanting delusion that they were in the bar itself.
Raoul could have touched one of the two poor wretches by passing his fingers through the partition.
Don Quixote rose betimes, and bade adieu to his hosts by knocking at the partition of the other room.
No, but you can take out two or three boards of the partition," answered Blaisois, "and make a hole in the cask with a gimlet.
She rose abruptly; walked with a certain deliberation along the side of the partition which separated the adjoining closet from the studio, and seemed to be examining the sash through which her light came,-- giving so much importance to it that she mounted a chair to raise the green serge, which intercepted the light, much higher.
with a partition between); both of good state and bigness; and those not to go all the length, but to have at the further end, a winter and a summer parlor, both fair.
We had proceeded but a few yards along the corridor that had given us entrance to this strange maze when Woola gave mouth to a most frightful roar, at the same time dashing against the clear partition at our left.
Then he wrote upon a piece of paper and shoved it beneath the partition.
During the whole of that entr'acte Kuragin stood with Dolokhov in front of the orchestra partition, looking at the Rostovs' box.
The little man, having had a good sleep, felt rested and refreshed, and looking through the glass partition of the room he saw Zeb sitting up on his bench and yawning.
And taking down the little lamp, he lit a candle, and bowing low to her went into the small cell beyond the partition, and she heard him begin to move something about there.
By removing a partition, Daylight had thrown two rooms into one, and this was the big living-room where Dede's treasures were placed--her books, and paintings and photographs, her piano, the Crouched Venus, the chafing-dish and all its glittering accessories.