parvovirus


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Related to parvovirus: Canine parvovirus, distemper

parvovirus

(pär'vōvī`rəs), any of several small DNA viruses that cause several diseases in animals, including humans. In humans, parvoviruses cause fifth disease, or erythema infectiosum, an acute disease usually affecting young children. Symptoms include a rash that spreads from the cheeks (hence the common name slap-cheek disease) to the extremities, low fever, fatigue, and, in adults, mild to severe joint pain and swelling. Treatment consists of bed rest, fluids, and acetaminophenacetaminophen
, an analgesic and fever-reducing medicine. It is an active ingredient in many over-the-counter medicines, including Tylenol and Midol. Introduced in the early 1900s, acetaminophen is a coal tar derivative that acts by interfering with the synthesis of
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 for the fever. Parvoviruses have also been associated with aplastic anemia, arthritis, and spontaneous abortion in humans.

Dogs, wolves, and coyotes can become infected with canine parvovirus. Puppies are most susceptible to the virus, which causes diarrhea, vomiting, and fever. There was an outbreak of canine parvovirus in the United States in 1978, and it has become more common worldwide since then. Feline distemper, also called feline panleukopenia, an often fatal disease of cats, raccoons, and minks caused by a parvovirus, is characterized by fever, dehydration, loss of appetite, and a reduction in white blood cells. Annual vaccination against parvoviruses is routine in cats and dogs.

parvovirus

[¦pär·vō′vī·rəs]
(virology)
The equivalent name for picodnavirus.
References in periodicals archive ?
Feline parvovirus is similar to canine parvovirus and both the feline and canine strains can infect cats.
Conway Road Veterinary Surgery posted on Facebook: "We recently treated a very unwell dog, who we suspected of having Parvovirus. We received test results today confirming she did have Parvovirus.
Table 1 shows CT and gain values of the parvovirus positive control when parvovirus was run alone (12 successive runs) or when adenovirus was run before parvovirus (18 successive runs).
Parvovirus, also known as CPV, is a highly-contagious disease that can be fatal for dogs.
Symptoms of parvovirus include foul-smelling diarrhoea with blood in it, vomiting, loss of appetite, collapse, depression, fever and shock.
Parvovirus B19 infection was suspected, and parvovirus B19 IgM was positive on the first day of admission.
Further, ScanVet Parvo (a) diagnostic kits can detect the presence of parvovirus but will not be able to distinguish the type associated (Sutton et al., 2015).
NS1 showed <69.4% nt and 51.4% aa identity with other parvovirus NS1 sequences, including its closest relatives in the Parvovirus genus (online Technical Appendix Table).
Erythema infectiosum, also known as fifth disease, is a viral exanthem linked to parvovirus B19.
Now, pet owners are being warned to vaccinate their dogs against parvovirus after an outbreak nearly killed Nala.