pass

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pass

pass, opening or way by which a natural or artificial barrier can be crossed. The term pass is usually applied to a relatively narrow passage through a mountainous region. A pass, like an isthmus, may have great strategic and economic importance; the history of a nation has often been determined by its success or failure in defending a pass, and land trade routes must necessarily cross passes. In the Alps, Saint Bernard, Simplon, and Saint Gotthard are important; in the Caucasus, Daryal is traversed by a great military road; in Asia, Khyber Pass into India and the passes of the Himalayas, Karakorum, and other ranges are important.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pass

 

a gap formed by the grooves of two coupled rolls through which the metal to be reduced is passed in order to give it the required shape.

A distinction is made between reducing, roughing, and finishing passes. Reducing passes serve to reduce the cross section of the initial stock without significant alteration of its shape; roughing passes are used to produce rolled metal with a cross section close to that of the finishing stage; and finishing passes are used to give the metal its final shape and dimensions.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

pass

[pas]
(aerospace engineering)
A single circuit of the earth made by a satellite; it starts at the time the satellite crosses the equator from the Southern Hemisphere into the Northern Hemisphere.
The period of time in which a satellite is within telemetry range of a data acquisition station.
(computer science)
A complete cycle of reading, processing, and writing in a computer.
(geography)
A natural break, depression, or other low place providing a passage through high terrain, such as a mountain range.
A navigable channel leading to a harbor or river.
A narrow opening through a barrier reef, atoll, or sand bar.
(mechanical engineering)
The number of times that combustion gases are exposed to heat transfer surfaces in boilers (that is, single-pass, double-pass, and so on).
In metal rolling, the passage in one direction of metal deformed between rolls.
In metal cutting, transit of a metal cutting tool past the workpiece with a fixed tool setting.
(metallurgy)
Passage of a metal bar between rolls.
Open space between two grooved rolls through which metal is processed.
Weld metal deposited in one trip along the axis of a weld.
(mining engineering)
A mine opening through which coal or ore is delivered from a higher to a lower level.
A passage left in old workings for workers to travel as they move from one level to another.
A treatment of the whole ore sample in a sample divider.
A passage of an excavation or grading machine.
In surface mining, a complete excavator cycle in removing overburden.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

pass

A single progression of a welding operation along a joint, resulting in a weld bead.

PASS.

On drawings, abbr. for “passenger.”
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

pass

1. a route through a range of mountains where the summit is lower or where there is a gap between peaks
2. a way through any difficult region
3. a permit, licence, or authorization to do something without restriction
4. Brit
a. the passing of a college or university examination to a satisfactory standard but not as high as honours
b. (as modifier): a pass degree
5. a dive, sweep, or bombing or landing run by an aircraft
6. a motion of the hand or of a wand as a prelude to or part of a conjuring trick
7. Sport the transfer of a ball from one player to another
8. Fencing a thrust or lunge with a sword
9. Bridge the act of passing (making no bid)
10. Bullfighting a variant of pase
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Viewed as an entire piece this is a genuinely good production but it fails to pass muster musically.
"The geniuses are working on it," Dowd said."If it passes muster with the tax lawyers and accountants, then it has to pass muster with the Office of Government Ethics." He added,"The president is worried about staffers who have good lawyers and they can't afford them." During former President Bill Clinton's administration, private funds were raised to cover his own legal expenses related to the Whitewater investigation.
The challenging vocabulary used in many of the poems makes this ideal for extending more able readers; however, inconsistencies within the collection mean not every poem will pass muster. Having said that, there are some beautiful depictions of nature and loads of marvellous, quirky animal facts woven throughout.
Hebron is a kosher fallafel shack attached to one the city's main synagogues, but its sandwiches would not pass muster on any corner of any street in the Middle East.
The IPC must still be approved by the cabinet and pass muster by no-one-knows how many other interest groups in the regime.
But under the current statute, a name could pass muster even if it was off by one character, he said.
This chapter two format invites its leads to come up with deeper and more bittersweet portrayals, and the good news is that Cristine and Zanjoe more than pass muster in this regard.
Perhaps Plaid Cymru could pass muster in the integrity stakes and fight/win this Labour stronghold.
PASS MUSTER (Phil Kirby) PASS Muster ran a fine race at Musselburgh on his first start for almost 100 days.
It looks worth putting a line through the run and Pass Muster is better judged on his hard-fought victory in a course-and-distance handicap in April.
Let's see an FAA field inspector say they do not pass muster.