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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of birds of the weaver finch family of the order Pas seriformes. As a rule the males and females have different coloring; for males, a black throat is characteristic. They may be either settled or nomadic; some are migratory. They nest in tree hollows, burrows, or buildings or make globe-shaped nests in trees. Many species make their habitat in populated areas. They are grain-eating birds; the young first feed on insects and, later, on seeds. There are 16 species, distributed over Africa, Europe, and Asia. Some species have been imported into America, Australia, and New Zealand. There are seven species in the USSR. The house sparrow (Passer domesticus) is found in settled places everywhere except in the north and in parts of the Far East. The species P. indicus, similar in color to the house sparrow but migratory and tending to prefer uninhabited areas, is found in Central Asia. The tree sparrow (P. montanus) is widely distributed throughout the USSR; it does not occur, however, in the north and in the Kamchatka. Spanish spar-rows (P. hispaniolensis) are numerous in Central Asia and Transcaucasia; they nest in huge colonies in trees. The saxaul sparrow (P. ammodendri) and the desert sparrow (P. simplex), as well as the russet sparrow (P. rutilans), found on Sakhalin and the South Kuril Islands, live in the wilderness and do not associate with man. The species P. indicus and P. hispaniolensis are destroyers of grain crops and they are combated with poisonous bait.


Ptitsy Sovetskogo Soiuza. Edited by G. P. Dement’ev and N. A. Gladkov. Vol. 5. Moscow 1954.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
D'apres les donnees recentes sur les arrivees de touristes et les informations recueillies aupres des parties prenantes, les previsions concernant les arrivees de touristes pour 2019 ont ete revisees a la baisse, passant de 1.435.000 a 1.425.000, soit une augmentation de 1,8% par rapport au nombre de 1.399.408 en 2018.
Ainsi, le resultat net part du groupe (RNPG) est en retrait, passant de 621 millions de DH a 231 millions de DH a cause des effets de base.
With the national championship hanging by a thread Harry Holmes held his nerve to make it 5-4 to Merseyside, before Passant saved again to send his team and supporters into raptures.
Les industries dont la production est orientee vers le marche local ont egalement enregistre une diminution de 25,7% passant de 1571,2 MD a 1167,6 MD durant la meme periode.
La balance commerciale entre le Maroc et le Senegal s'est affichee excedentaire durant 2012 au profit du Royaume, en passant d'environ 894 MDH en 2011 a pres de 2,07 MMDH en 2012, soit une amelioration de 132,12 pc, selon les chiffres du departement du Commerce exterieur.
Last week the Sunday Mercury reported how the former Bridgnorth fire chief collected more than 2,000 signatures calling for an ambulance to be permanently based in the town after his grandson Thomas Passant was left struggling to breathe and turned blue while waiting for one.
[beaucoup plus grand que], enfonce le clou un autre passant.
Le dessin qui ouvre le recueil Passant de la lumiere de Beatrice Bonhomme met en avant le blanc lumineux du papier, sur lequel se detache l'ovale d'un visage et l'intensite d'un regard.
There's no lion passant mark here, so does this mean the teapot and stand are made of a base metal or that they're continental?
Mr Passant, aged 44, also joint chief executive, will become managing director of the motor division, which has five outlets in the West Midlands, selling Vauxhall, Peugeot and Daewoo new and used cars and vans, together with two DAF and LDV truck and van outlets in Shrewsbury and Willenhall.
Mr Passant had been reported missing on September 8 after he failed to return home from a motorcycle ride.
Europe's top 300 systems integrators are being beaten in the race to win local e-commerce contracts by US companies, according to a new report by Passant Publishing.