Passiflora


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Passiflora

 

(passionflower), a genus of plants of the family Passifloraceae. These shrubs and herbs climb by means of runners, which are metamorphosed axes of the inflorescences or flower stalks. The alternate leaves are entire or lobed and often have nectar glands on the petioles. The large flowers, which reach 8 cm in diameter, are pentamerous; the perianths are often brightly colored. Between the perianth and the stamens there is a colorful crown of narrow raylike lobes. There are usually five stamens, and the ovary sometimes has three styles and three clávate or peltate stigmata. The fruit is a berry.

There are more than 400 passionflower species, distributed mainly in tropical and subtropical America. A number of species are found in tropical Asia, Australia, and Polynesia. Many species are cultivated in tropical countries for their edible fruits. Most commonly cultivated are the South American purple granadilla (P. edulis) and giant granadilla (P. quadrangularis); the latter yields fruits weighing as much as 2.5 kg. Some species are cultivated as ornamentals. P. coerulea from South America has been successfully cultivated on the southern coast of the Crimea and on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Effect of the flour of the yellow passion fruit peel (Passiflora edulis f.flavicarpa Deg.) in the glycemic and lipid levels of type 2 diabetes patients.
In affinity with Passiflora pardifolia Vanderplank, differs mainly in possessing variegated leaves with adaxial white--reddish strips, flowers with white-green biseriate corona, ovoid oblong ripe fruit with the lower end acute.
(Passiflora edulis Sims), during 190 days of evaluation, which observed that was necessary 2500 DD from the initial phase until the maturation of the fruits (2010), when studying the relation between accumulation of degrees day, photothermal units and vegetative growth of Passiflora edulis Sims.
The SWV result from Passiflora alata sample showed two well defined peaks in 0.50 (1) and 0.87 V (2), vs.
Palabras Clave: lonqueidios; Eugenia uniflora; Passiflora caerulea; Citrus sinensis