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pass,

opening or way by which a natural or artificial barrier can be crossed. The term pass is usually applied to a relatively narrow passage through a mountainous region. A pass, like an isthmus, may have great strategic and economic importance; the history of a nation has often been determined by its success or failure in defending a pass, and land trade routes must necessarily cross passes. In the Alps, Saint BernardSaint Bernard,
two Alpine passes, both used since antiquity. The Great Saint Bernard (alt. 8,110 ft/2,472 m), on the Italian-Swiss border, links Valais canton, Switzerland, with Valle d'Aosta, Italy.
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, SimplonSimplon
, pass, 6,590 ft (2,009 m) high, in the Lepontine Alps, Valais canton, S Switzerland. It is crossed by the Simplon Road built (1800–1806) by Napoleon I.
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, and Saint GotthardSaint Gotthard
, mountain group of the Lepontine Alps, S central Switzerland, rising to Pizzo Rotondo (10,472 ft/3,192 m high). The Reuss, Rhine, Ticino, and Rhône rivers rise there. It is crossed by the Saint Gotthard Pass, 6,935 ft (2,114 m) high.
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 are important; in the Caucasus, DaryalDaryal
or Dariel
, pass, c.3,950 ft (1,204 m) high, N Georgia, in the central Greater Caucasus Mts. below Mt. Kazbek. Situated above the Terek River, it is noted for its wild grandeur.
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 is traversed by a great military road; in Asia, Khyber PassKhyber Pass
, narrow, steep-sided pass, 28 mi (45 km) long, winding through the Safed Koh Mts., on the Pakistan-Afghanistan border; highest point is 3,500 ft (1,067 m). The routes through it link the cities of Peshawar, Pakistan, and Kabul, Afghanistan.
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 into India and the passes of the Himalayas, KarakorumKarakorum
or Karakoram,
mountain range, extending c.300 mi (480 km), between the Indus and Yarkant rivers, N Kashmir, S central Asia; SE extension of the Hindu Kush. It covers disputed territory, held by China on the north, India on the east, and Pakistan on the west.
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, and other ranges are important.

Pass

 

a gap formed by the grooves of two coupled rolls through which the metal to be reduced is passed in order to give it the required shape.

A distinction is made between reducing, roughing, and finishing passes. Reducing passes serve to reduce the cross section of the initial stock without significant alteration of its shape; roughing passes are used to produce rolled metal with a cross section close to that of the finishing stage; and finishing passes are used to give the metal its final shape and dimensions.

pass

[pas]
(aerospace engineering)
A single circuit of the earth made by a satellite; it starts at the time the satellite crosses the equator from the Southern Hemisphere into the Northern Hemisphere.
The period of time in which a satellite is within telemetry range of a data acquisition station.
(computer science)
A complete cycle of reading, processing, and writing in a computer.
(geography)
A natural break, depression, or other low place providing a passage through high terrain, such as a mountain range.
A navigable channel leading to a harbor or river.
A narrow opening through a barrier reef, atoll, or sand bar.
(mechanical engineering)
The number of times that combustion gases are exposed to heat transfer surfaces in boilers (that is, single-pass, double-pass, and so on).
In metal rolling, the passage in one direction of metal deformed between rolls.
In metal cutting, transit of a metal cutting tool past the workpiece with a fixed tool setting.
(metallurgy)
Passage of a metal bar between rolls.
Open space between two grooved rolls through which metal is processed.
Weld metal deposited in one trip along the axis of a weld.
(mining engineering)
A mine opening through which coal or ore is delivered from a higher to a lower level.
A passage left in old workings for workers to travel as they move from one level to another.
A treatment of the whole ore sample in a sample divider.
A passage of an excavation or grading machine.
In surface mining, a complete excavator cycle in removing overburden.

pass

A single progression of a welding operation along a joint, resulting in a weld bead.

PASS.

On drawings, abbr. for “passenger.”

pass

1. a route through a range of mountains where the summit is lower or where there is a gap between peaks
2. a way through any difficult region
3. a permit, licence, or authorization to do something without restriction
4. Brit
a. the passing of a college or university examination to a satisfactory standard but not as high as honours
b. (as modifier): a pass degree
5. a dive, sweep, or bombing or landing run by an aircraft
6. a motion of the hand or of a wand as a prelude to or part of a conjuring trick
7. Sport the transfer of a ball from one player to another
8. Fencing a thrust or lunge with a sword
9. Bridge the act of passing (making no bid)
10. Bullfighting a variant of pase
References in periodicals archive ?
As mentioned, 'Passing Off ' has as its objective the protection of the 'goodwill' that the claimant has built up in his field of business, and the resulting reputation enjoyed in the market place.
When, inevitably, I invoked the names of Coover and DeLillo in my discussion of Passing Off, I hardly needed the instructions of the latter's author or the copy on the book jacket to do so.
You might think that using the same brand name would be passing off but marketinglaw.
Once established, such goodwill can be protected by the law of passing off so, if someone makes a false representation to the market place that it is, in some way, associated with your business when it is not: for example, passing themselves as being connected to you, then, by using the law of passing off, you can stop them.
"When Professor Higgins takes up the challenge of passing off a Cockney flower girl Eliza Doolittle as an elegant lady, he certainly has his work cut out," explained a spokesman for the Solihull Operatic Society, which is behind the show.
Last year Irvine successfully manipulated the law of passing off to prevent his image being used to endorse local radio station Talksport without his consent.
The drinks giant was passing off mixed malts as ``pure malt'', hoping the Spaniards, who love the stuff, wouldn't notice it was no longer a single malt.
Its officers visited 661 licensed establishments in the past year, and carried out more than 2,000 tests as part of a crackdown on tipping - the practice of passing off cheaper spirits as labelled brands.
A judge at the High Court in London ruled that supermarket giants Asda were guilty of passing off their Puffin biscuits as somehow connected with rivals Penguin.
SUPERMARKET giant Tesco last night admitted passing off ordinary chicken as "corn-fed".
Late last year it won a temporary High Court injunction preventing Domain Registrar Services passing off itself as Nominet.