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1. Philosophy
a. any state of the mind in which it is affected by something external, such as perception, desire, etc., as contrasted with action
b. feelings, desires or emotions, as contrasted with reason
2. the sufferings and death of a Christian martyr


1. the sufferings of Christ from the Last Supper to his death on the cross
2. any of the four Gospel accounts of this
3. a musical setting of this



a musical work set to a Gospel text of Jesus’ betrayal by Judas, imprisonment, and execution. Passions were introduced into Catholic practice in the fourth century and were performed during Holy Week. They were originally performed in a psalmodic manner, but, beginning in the 14th century, the type of passion based on a dialogue between a soloist, or deacon, and a choir prevailed. The roles of the characters in the drama gradually became more soloistic. In the 16th century the polyphonic motet passion took shape, and Protestant passions in German appeared, which made considerable use of the Protestant chorale. Folk stagings of passions, in which scenes of everyday life were included, developed simultaneously with the ecclesiastical dramatizations.

In the early 18th century the oratorio passion became established. This genre later lost its religious significance, and oratorio passions were performed as concert works. Outstanding examples of the oratorio passion are J. S. Bach’s St. John Passion and St. Matthew Passion.


Druskin, M. Passiony I. S. Bakha. Leningrad, 1972.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the digital world, uncovering what one is passionate about and connecting to and expanding on that passion can occur fairly easily.
They wanted to extend the research to investigate how self-disclosure between couples affects closeness and feelings of passionate love.
Clutching a copy of an illustrated book on Pre-historic Rock Carvings in one hand and Pub walks in the other is a lady who appears to be torn between a passionate interest in history and drinking.
A key distinction between the passionate employee and the workaholic is that the workaholic no longer feels enjoyment from his or her job (Philippe, Vallerand & Lavigne, 2009).
I am reminded of a young boy who was passionate about his future.
There's no doubt that the more passionate you are about a team, the more involved you will be on an emotional level.
While she looks fantastic, in her trendy glasses and knee-high boots, it's also quite hard to imagine Sue as a passionate woman, having seen her on screen as tragic Sheila in C4 soap Brookside, psychological profiler Grace in Waking The Dead, and put-upon wife Barbara in the Royle Family.
Passionate people know for whom they are performing.
2 : easily caused to feel strong emotions <a passionate person>
I'm passionate about the area, its diversity, its culture and its people.
Both sides are very passionate," said Leonard Yee, a member of the five-person homeowners association board.
A passionate Christian who believes that strict adherence to Jesus Christ's teachings is sadly all too lacking in today's modern church; for example, the author points out that Jesus' saying "Whoever divorces his wife and marries another woman commits adultery against her; and if she herself divorces her husband and marries another man, she is committing adultery" implies that those who divorce and remarry are violating one of the ten commandments, yet most Protestant churches freely allow remarriage after divorce.