Again, it emphasizes that the wall movement velocity has no significant effect on the magnitudes of passive earth pressure.
Figure 11 depicts the induced lateral passive earth pressure on the face of the wall for the numerical and laboratory test models.
Passive earth pressure with critical state concept, Journal of Geotechnical and Geo-environmental Engineering 128(8): 651-659.
Experimental and theoretical investigations of a passive earth pressure problem, Journal of Geotechnique 20(1): 17-37.
Furthermore, illustrated in Figure 11 is the comparison among the computed passive earth pressures from the numerical model and the captured data from the laboratory model just for the wall movement velocity of v = 0.
Passive earth pressures with various wall movements, Journal of Geotechnical Engineering 120(8): 1307-1323.