passive immunity

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Related to passive immunization: immunized, Active immunization

passive immunity

[′pas·iv i′myün·əd·ē]
(immunology)
Immunity acquired by injection of antibodies in another individual or in an animal.
Immunity acquired by the fetus by the transfer of maternal antibodies through the placenta.
References in periodicals archive ?
Passive immunization can be brought about in two Ways:
Here again, the latest thinking is that passive immunization against a cocktail of virulence determinants, not just one, is likely to be necessary.
Passive immunization against HS could be achieved by using the a hyper immune serum to provide immediate protection to animals that had have been exposed to infectious organisms and are suspected to lack active immunity agaisnt against that organism.
Passive immunization with bovine milk containing antibodies to a cell surface protein antigen-glucosyltransferase fusion protein protects rats against dental caries.
6), passive immunization with immunoglobulin (monthly for four doses) was given at the time of aggressive chemotherapy, and subsequently these patients were actively immunized with vaccine (40 mcg, 1-2-12 months) from the third month of maintenance therapy.
Postexposure passive immunization is effective if varicella zoster immune globulin is given within 72 hours of exposure.
By giving the antibodies in high concentration, I was able to go beyond passive immunization and use the immune plasma as a treatment for people who were already infected instead of as a vaccine.
Immunoprecipitation and virus neutralization assays demonstrate qualitative differences in the protective antibody responses to an inactivated hepatitis A vaccine and passive immunization with immune globulin.
This strategy -- known as passive immunization -- has been used successfully in reducing perinatal transmission of hepatitis B virus.
Passive immunization involves giving a vaccine that contains antibodies to the disease causing virus or bacteria.
Passive immunization does have its disadvantages, Santosham says.
Analyze the potential of active and passive immunization strategies with particular reference to previous trials that failed on safety grounds.