passive resistance


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Related to passive resistance: Passive aggressive

passive resistance

a method of nonviolent protest against laws or policies in order to force a change or secure concessions; it is also known as nonviolent resistance and is the main tactic of civil disobediencecivil disobedience,
refusal to obey a law or follow a policy believed to be unjust. Practitioners of civil disobedience usual base their actions on moral right and employ the nonviolent technique of passive resistance in order to bring wider attention to the injustice.
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. Passive resistance typically involves such activities as mass demonstrations, refusal to obey or carry out a law or to pay taxes, the occupation of buildings or the blockade of roads, labor strikes, economic boycotts, and similar activities.

Possibly originating with the Quakers, it was adopted by Africans, Indians, and U.S. civil-rights and anti–Vietnam War protesters. Among its most articulate advocates have been GandhiGandhi, Mohandas Karamchand
, 1869–1948, Indian political and spiritual leader, b. Porbandar. In South Africa

Educated in India and in London, he was admitted to the English bar in 1889 and practiced law unsuccessfully in India for two years.
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, who maintained that action needs to be accompanied by love and a willingness to search for the truth, and Martin Luther KingKing, Martin Luther, Jr.,
1929–68, American clergyman and civil-rights leader, b. Atlanta, Ga., grad. Morehouse College (B.A., 1948), Crozer Theological Seminary (B.D., 1951), Boston Univ. (Ph.D., 1955).
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, Jr., who called for "tough-mindedness and tenderheartedness." Two of the most massive examples of passive resistance were the SolidaritySolidarity,
Polish independent trade union federation formed in Sept., 1980. Led by Lech Wałęsa, it grew rapidly in size and political power and soon posed a threat to Poland's Communist government by its sponsorship of labor strikes and other forms of public protest.
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 movement in Poland (1980–81) and the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia (1989). Opponents of passive resistance as a means of forcing a change in policy have criticized it for potentially fostering a general disrespect for law that could result in anarchy.

passive resistance

see SOCIAL MOVEMENTS.

passive resistance

resistance to a government, law, etc., made without violence, as by fasting, demonstrating peacefully, or refusing to cooperate
References in periodicals archive ?
Aiming to compensate for the issue of large passive resistances when implementing subthreshold biasing, we have developed a resistance-free IA solution.
22, 1894, he confounded the Natal Indian Congress in my hometown, where he pioneered Satyagraha--truth through passive resistance, which he later would use to lead India to freedom from the British.
Israel-Cohen points out their two strategies: passive resistance, which tries to avoid clashes with the rabbis, and active resistance, which causes some harsh clashes with the rabbinic establishment.
of the passive resistance to the Israeli occupation.
They are also notable for Karales' high level of access to events that were not publicly seen (astonishing pictures of SNCC passive resistance training, for instance).
There are very serious reasons for pessimism that the passive resistance core at Gezi Park will not be convinced to evacuate the area since it may feel that the lack of a concrete solution is another path to being cheated.
Use of police brutality is even more objectionable in light of the passive resistance offered by the residents.
Ironically, Benziger writes, "the state's negative interpretation of the Revolution and its official acts of prohibition" actually "helped sustain the Revolution's memory in both acts of passive acceptance and passive resistance to the state's interpretation" (p.
Gandhi is admired for passive resistance to laws that he opposed and eventually he won over the masses.
The nationalists' theoretically passive resistance had made confrontations much more likely; Dyer's order to fire was 'a sudden reaction to the size and composition of the crowd' which numbered 25,000 (much larger than earlier estimates) while his troops numbered 50.
The minimum locking torque specified was at least 50 N-m of knee flexion torque [17] during stance, and the maximum passive resistance from pressure losses through the opened valve was specified to not exceed 1 N-m.
(passive resistance), instead of a party in the national capital.