surveillance

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Related to passive surveillance: active surveillance

surveillance

close observation or supervision maintained over a person, group, etc., esp one in custody or under suspicion
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

surveillance

the monitoring, and the associated direct or indirect forms of supervision and superintendence by the modern STATE, of the activities of its citizens. The capacity for surveillance possessed by modern NATION STATES has increased compared with those available to earlier forms of state, as the result of spectacular improvements in techniques for the collection and storage of INFORMATION and equally striking improvements in means of transport and communications.

For FOUCAULT, in Discipline and Punish (1975), the ‘disciplinary power’ of modern societies is an all-pervasive feature of these societies and a predominant feature of administrative power within them. Remedial and CARCERAL ORGANIZATIONS, which remove human liberty are not more than extreme forms of a generalized tendency to heightened surveillance within these societies.

Foucault's emphasis is disputed by many however. Our heightened awareness of, and concern about, situations in which some individuals are subject to loss of liberty reflects the new importance of a concern for liberty within modern societies and the many areas of life in which liberties have increased. Nonetheless, few dispute that – for good and for ill – surveillance and control are an important characteristic of modern societies and the modern state. Compare ORIENTAL DESPOTISM, ABSOLUTISM. See also SEQUESTRATION, TOTALITARIANISM.

Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000

surveillance

[sər′vā·ləns]
(engineering)
Systematic observation of air, surface, or subsurface areas or volumes by visual, electronic, photographic, or other means, for intelligence or other purposes.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

surveillance

The systematic observation of airspace, surface or subsurface areas, places, persons, or things, by visual, aural, electronic, photographic, or other means.
An Illustrated Dictionary of Aviation Copyright © 2005 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

surveillance

Monitoring people's actions and behavior either via camera or by tracking financial transactions. Surveillance is performed by governments for the protection of its people such as detecting criminals or for the preservation of an authoritarian administration. See connected camera, CCTV, network camera, facial recognition and sousveillance.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
During 2016, healthcare providers reported a total of 134 cases with a suspicion of GBS through passive surveillance. Of these, 97 (72%) were confirmed GBS cases, eight (6%) were suspected GBS cases, and 29 (22%) were non-cases (Figure 2).
At present, different procedures exist for detecting and assessing adverse reactions to vaccines, ranging from passive surveillance systems to epidemiological case-control or cohort studies.
The estimated mean IPD rate in children less than 24 months of age in Lima was 18.4/100 000, which is lower than rates reported from studies done with the same passive surveillance method in other Latin American countries (16, 17), and much lower compared to active surveillance studies that also included ambulatory patients (18, 19).
* Facial Recognition Surveillance--Hidden passive surveillance cameras that can be set up to monitor an entrance way of any type of building to accurately identify a potential suspect, terrorist or wanted person against a database of millions of suspect images in less than one second.
Many recent passive surveillance studies have used multiple types of records to identify as many cases of alcohol-related anomalies as possible, since a case of FAS is frequently documented in more than one place (e.g., physician records, school records, and birth certificates) over time.
Two cases were detected within the French passive surveillance program and two cases were found through the active detection program.
Plans need to be developed for both active and passive surveillance systems with rapid electronic communication links.
CDC is notified of SFR cases through two passive surveillance systems, the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS) and Tickborne Rickettsial Disease case report forms.
The figures brought to 62,029 the cumulative number of people found living with HIV since the government began passive surveillance in 1984.
He added that the nine-month total brought to 6,135 the cumulative number of OFWs found infected with HIV since the government began passive surveillance in 1984.
Enhanced passive surveillance is an amplification of standard passive surveillance in which public health agencies send notifications to healthcare providers and facilities to remain alert for suspected cases of a particular disease or condition (19).
In PR, passive surveillance of Chikungunya was initiated by the CDC and PR Department of Health in January 2014, with the first laboratory confirmed case in May 2014 (8).