pastorale

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pastorale

Music
1. a composition evocative of rural life, characterized by moderate compound duple or quadruple time and sometimes a droning accompaniment
2. a musical play based on a rustic story, popular during the 16th century
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pastorale

 

in music:

(1) An opera, pantomime, or ballet having a plot that gives an idealized picture of rural life. Pastoral music, which emerged under the influence of pastoral literature, enjoyed popularity in the 17th and 18th centuries, especially at the Italian and French courts. The composers of pastoral operas included Gluck, Mozart, J.-B. Lully, and J.-P. Rameau. In the opera The Queen of Spades, Tchaikovsky re-created the pastorale “The Shepherdess’ Sincerity.” Pastoral operas were occasionally composed even in the 20th century.

(2) A vocal or instrumental work presenting scenes from nature or from rural life. Characteristic of the instrumental pastorale are a serenely flowing melodic movement, often doubled in thirds; sustained bass notes suggesting the sound of bagpipes; and 6/8 or 12/8 meter. The pastorale was sometimes included as a movement in the concerto grosso, but it was usually composed as a separate work. Among the composers of instrumental pastorales are Vivaldi, D. Scarlatti, F. Couperin, and J. S. Bach. Symphonic pastorales were composed as parts of cyclical compositions, or they were complete cycles in themselves (for example, Beethoven’s “Pastoral” Symphony).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(18.) "Expertus enim loquor"; De officio pastorali, 15-17.
(13) Malacreta, Considerazioni, and Summo, Due discorsi l'uno contra le tragicommedie, e le pastorali, l'altro contra Il pastor fido [...], in Guarini, Opere, III (1738), 545-96.
Ill.me per supplicarle con quella maggior riverenza, er humilta che si puo, che sieno contente concederci licenza per questi pochi giorni che restano del Carnevale, promettendo di fuggir tutte quelle cose, die possono dar pur minimo suspetro di dishonesta qual sivoglia pia, et ben creata persona rappresenrando solamente soggetti pastorali, tragici, er di qualche comedia honestissima.
La pregnanza e rilevanza del dovere di deferenza comporta comunque responsabilita e oneri formativi e pastorali seri.
Sull'uso strategico della allegoria per veicolare messaggi di diversa natura si sviluppa anche il contributo critico di Lorenzo Geri, il quale prende in esame diverse rappresentazioni allegoriche della provvidenza in favole pastorali ferraresi.
Marcheselli-Casale, C., Le lettere pastorali, Bologna: EDB, 1995.
Il Pastor Fido e una tragicommedia "pastorale", egli sostiene, perche si occupa di personaggi pastorali, non di "cittadini".
(5.) "Relatio Synodi" della III Assemblea generale straordinaria del Sinodo dei Vescovi: "Le sfide pastorali sulla famiglia nel contesto dell'evangelizzazione," October 18, 2014, http:// press.vatican.va/content/salastampa/iLbollettino/pubblico/2014/10/18/0770/03044.htm.
I vescovi comprovinciali, io non so a quali direttive uniformandosi, hanno tenuto tutti quanti discorsi e stampato pastorali patriottiche.