pastorale

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pastorale

Music
1. a composition evocative of rural life, characterized by moderate compound duple or quadruple time and sometimes a droning accompaniment
2. a musical play based on a rustic story, popular during the 16th century

Pastorale

 

in music:

(1) An opera, pantomime, or ballet having a plot that gives an idealized picture of rural life. Pastoral music, which emerged under the influence of pastoral literature, enjoyed popularity in the 17th and 18th centuries, especially at the Italian and French courts. The composers of pastoral operas included Gluck, Mozart, J.-B. Lully, and J.-P. Rameau. In the opera The Queen of Spades, Tchaikovsky re-created the pastorale “The Shepherdess’ Sincerity.” Pastoral operas were occasionally composed even in the 20th century.

(2) A vocal or instrumental work presenting scenes from nature or from rural life. Characteristic of the instrumental pastorale are a serenely flowing melodic movement, often doubled in thirds; sustained bass notes suggesting the sound of bagpipes; and 6/8 or 12/8 meter. The pastorale was sometimes included as a movement in the concerto grosso, but it was usually composed as a separate work. Among the composers of instrumental pastorales are Vivaldi, D. Scarlatti, F. Couperin, and J. S. Bach. Symphonic pastorales were composed as parts of cyclical compositions, or they were complete cycles in themselves (for example, Beethoven’s “Pastoral” Symphony).

References in periodicals archive ?
Expertus enim loquor"; De officio pastorali, 15-17.
me per supplicarle con quella maggior riverenza, er humilta che si puo, che sieno contente concederci licenza per questi pochi giorni che restano del Carnevale, promettendo di fuggir tutte quelle cose, die possono dar pur minimo suspetro di dishonesta qual sivoglia pia, et ben creata persona rappresenrando solamente soggetti pastorali, tragici, er di qualche comedia honestissima.
Relatio Synodi" della III Assemblea generale straordinaria del Sinodo dei Vescovi: "Le sfide pastorali sulla famiglia nel contesto dell'evangelizzazione," October 18, 2014, http:// press.
Don Lorenzo Milani, parlando della scuola e del lavoro dell'insegnante, diceva, nelle sue Esperienze pastorali (1958): "Non si puo dare che quello che si ha.
Per una banca dati delle visite pastorali itatiane: Le visite delta diocese di Trento, 1537-1940.
Visite pastorali ed elaborazione dei dati: esperienze e metodi.